Publication References

CT / X-Ray & Radiation Therapy

Model 002 IMRT Phantoms

Crocker JK, Ng JA, Keall PJ, Booth JT. Measurement of patient imaging dose for real-time kilovoltage x-ray intrafraction tumour position monitoring in prostate patients Physics in Medicine and Biology. 2012; 57(10):2969-2980 View

Wertz H, Jahnke L, Schneider F, Polednik M, et al. A novel lateral disequilibrium inclusive (LDI) pencil-beam based dose calculation algorithm: Evaluation in inhomogeneous phantoms and comparison with Monte Carlo calculations. Medical Physics. 2011; 38(3):1627-1634. View

Aljarrah K, Pawlicki T, Tyagi N, B. Jiang S. Evaluation of IMRT QA Point Measurement Rocesses Using a Commercial Heterogeneous Phantom. Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy. 2010; 2(03):063-069. View 

Schiefer H, Fogliata A, Nicolini G, et al. The Swiss IMRT dosimetry intercomparison using a thorax phantom. Medical Physics. 2010;37(8):4424-4431. View

Altman MB, Vesper BJ, Smith BD, et al. Characterization of a novel phantom for three-dimensional in vitro cell experiments. Physics in Medicine and Biology. 2009; 54(5):N75-N82. View

Schiefer H, Nicolini G, Fogliata A, Seelentag WW, Fix MK. The first national IMRT dosimetry inter comparison in Switzerland using a thorax phantom with inhomogeneities Dössel O, Schlegel WC, eds. 2009; 25/1:93-96. View

Abomadvan A, Polednik M, Rahn A, et al. Improving dose homogeneity in large breasts by IMRT – efficacy and dosimetric accuracy of different techniques. European Journal of Cancer Supplements. 2008; 6(7):143-143. View

Bragg CM, Wingate K, Conway J. Clinical implications of the anisotropic analytical algorithm for IMRT treatment planning and verification. Radiotherapy and Oncology. 2008; 86(2):276-284. View

Brunckhorst E, Gershkevitsh E, Ibbott G, et al. Commissioning of Radiotherapy Treatment Planning Systems: Testing for Typical External Beam Treatment Techniques. IAEA. 2008; 1583:1-67. View

Gershkevitsh E, Schmidt R, Velez G, et al. Dosimetric verification of radiotherapy treatment planning systems: Results of IAEA pilot study. Radiotherapy and Oncology. 2008; 89(3):338-346. View

Luo W, Yoo S, Wu Q, Wang Z, Yin F-FF. Analysis of image quality for real-time target tracking using simultaneous kV-MV imaging. Medical Physics. 2008; 35(12):5501-5509. View

Vatnitsky S. Commissioning of Radiotherapy Treatment Planning Systems: Testing for Typical External Beam Treatment Techniques : Report of the Coordinated Research Project on Development of Procedures for Quality Assurance of Dosimetry Calculations in Radiotherapy. International Atomic Energy Agency, 2008; IAEA-TECDOC-1583:1-67. View

Zhao Y-LL, Mackenzie M, Kirkby C, Fallone B. Monte Carlo evaluation of a treatment planning system for helical tomotherapy in an anthropomorphic heterogeneous phantom and for clinical treatment plans. Medical Physics. 2008; 35(12):5366-5374. View

Polednik M, Madyan YA, Schneider F, et al. Evaluation of calculation algorithms implemented in different commercial planning systems on an anthropomorphic breast phantom using film dosimetry. Strahlentherapie und Onkologie : Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et al]. 2007; 183(12):667-672. View

Altman M, Chmura S, Smith B, et al. SU-FF-T-40: A Novel Phantom for Use in 3-Dimensional in Vitro Cell Experiments. Medical Physics. 2006; 33(6). View

Dobler B, Walter C, Knopf A, et al. Optimization of extracranial stereotactic radiation therapy of small lung lesions using accurate dose calculation algorithms. Radiation Oncology. 2006; 1(1). View

Nakonechny KD, Fallone BG, Rathee S. Novel methods of measuring single scan dose profiles and cumulative dose in CT. Medical Physics. 2005; 32(1). View

Wertz, H., Stsepankou, D., Blessing, M, et al. Fast kilovoltage/ megavolates (kVMV) breathhold cone-beam CT for image guided radiotherapy of lung cancer. Phys. Med Biol. 55 (2010) 4203-4217. View

Lamb, Gillian. Implementation of volumetric arc therapy for head and neck cancer. RAD Magazine. 37(48); 33-34. View

Liang Y, Kim GY, Pawlicki T, Mundt AJ, Mell LK. Feasibility study on dosimetry verification of volumetric-modulated arc therapy-based total marrow irradiation. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2013;14(2):3852. View

Lehmann J, Kenny J, Lye J, Kron T, Williams I. Radiation Therapists and Level III audits by the Australian Clinical Dosimetry Service. Spectrum (Nov 2012): 14-17. View

Zhang A, Wen N, Nurushev T, Burmeister J, Chetty IJ. Comprehensive evaluation and clinical implementation of commercially available Monte Carlo dose calculation algorithm. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2013;14(2):4062. View

Nodehi MR, Mahdavi S, Gholami S, Khosravi H, Asnaashari K. Dosimetric comparison of different inhomogeneity correction algorithms for external photon beam dose calculations. J Med Phys. 2013;38(2):74-81. View

Feygelman V, Stambaugh C, Zhang G, et al. Motion as a perturbation: measurement-guided dose estimates to moving patient voxels during modulated arc deliveries. Med Phys. 2013;40(2):021708. View

Bedford JL, Childs PJ, Nordmark hansen V, Mosleh-shirazi MA, Verhaegen F, Warrington AP. Commissioning and quality assurance of the Pinnacle(3) radiotherapy treatment planning system for external beam photons. Br J Radiol. 2003;76(903):163-76. View

Lopes MC, Cavaco A, Jacob K, et al. Treatment planning systems dosimetry auditing project in Portugal. Phys Med. 2013. View

Park H, Suh T, Park J, et al. Verification of the grid size and angular increment effects in lung stereotactic body radiation therapy using the dynamic conformal arc technique. Journal of the Korean Physical Society. 2013;62(11):1672-1677. View

Stevens SW, Rosser KE, Bedford JL. A 4 MV flattening filter-free beam: commissioning and application to conformal therapy and volumetric modulated arc therapy. Phys Med Biol. 2011;56(13):3809-24. View

Schombourg K, Bochud FO, Mirimanoff RO, Moeckli R. 3D dose reconstruction for narrow beams using ion chamber array measurements. Z Med Phys. 2012;22(2):123-32. View

Lehmann J, Dunn L, Lye JE, et al. Angular dependence of the response of the nanoDot OSLD system for measurements at depth in clinical megavoltage beams. Med Phys. 2014;41(6):061712. View

Model 004 CT Simulator For Bone Mineral Analysis

Goodsitt MM, Christodoulou EG, Larson SC. Accuracies of the synthesized monochromatic CT numbers and effective atomic numbers obtained with a rapid kVp switching dual energy CT scanner. Medical Physics. 2011; 38(4):2222-2232. View

Cossmann P, Stuessi A, von Briel C. SU-GG-T-536 Characterisation of a Linac Cone-Beam-CT Option: What Is the Future Potential for Treatment Planning? Medical Physics. 2008; 35(6). View

Lampmann LEH, Duursma SA, Ruys JHJ. CT densitometry in osteoporosis: the impact on management of the patient. Boston: M. Nijhoff. 1984

Levi C, Gray JE, McCullough EC, Hattery RR. The unreliability of CT numbers as absolute values. American Journal of Roentgenology. 1982; 139(3):443-47. View

Cann CE, Genant HK. Precise measurement of vertebral mineral content using computed tomography. Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography. 1980; 4(4):493-500. View

Model 007 CT Dose Phantom

Comprehensive methodology for the evaluation of radiation dose in x-ray computed tomography. Report of AAPM Task Group 111: The Future of CT Dosimetry. American Association of Physicists in Medicine. 2010. View

Hubert-Tremblay V, Archambault L, Beaulieu L, Roy R. SU-FF-T-275: Octree Based Compression Method of DICOM Images for Voxel Number Reduction and Faster Monte Carlo Simulations. Medical Physics. 2005; 32(6). View

Kim S, Yoshizumi TT, Yin FF, Chetty IJ. Spiral computed tomography phase-space source model in the BEAMnrc/EGSnrc Monte Carlo system: implementation and validation. Phys Med Biol. 2013;58(8):2609-24. View

Model 007TE Tissue Equivalent CT Dose Phantoms

Size-Specific Dose Estimates (SSDE) in Pediatric and Adult Body CT Examinations. Report of AAPM Task Group 204. American Association of Physicists in Medicine. 2011. View

Wang J, Christner JA, Duan X, Leng S, Yu L, Mccollough CH. Attenuation-based estimation of patient size for the purpose of size specific dose estimation in CT. Part II. Implementation on abdomen and thorax phantoms using cross sectional CT images and scanned projection radiograph images. Med Phys. 2012;39(11):6772-8. View

Model 008A Dynamic Thorax Phantom

Turner K, Cai J, Yin F, Zhang Y, et al. SU-E-J-209 A Simple Method to Minimize Uncertainty in ITV Delineation: Phantom Verification. AAPM 2012 Poster. View

Boda-Heggemann J, Fleckenstein J, Lohr F, et al. Multiple Breath-Hold Cbct for Online Image Guided Radiotherapy of Lung Tumors: Simulation with a Dynamic Phantom and First Patient Data." Radiotherapy and Oncology. 2011; 98(3):309-316. View

Masset H, Dumas JL, Gschwind R, Gavignet E, Makovicka L, Bosset JF. [Dosimetric impact of the 2D motion of a platform simulating breathing during a dynamic mode treatment]. Cancer Radiother. 2009; 13(2):108-13. View

Park S-J, Ionascu D, Killoran J, et al. Evaluation of the combined effects of target size, respiratory motion and background activity on 3D and 4D PET/CT images. Physics in Medicine and Biology. 2008; 53(13):3661-3679. View 

Sakhalkar HS, Oldham M. Fast, high-resolution 3D dosimetry utilizing a novel optical-CT scanner incorporating tertiary telecentric collimation. Medical Physics. 2008; 35(1). View

Munoz C, Hevezi J, Mira J. Evaluation of Positional Accuracy in Moving Tumors Using a CIRS Dynamic Phantom.  Poster presented at Cyberknife User’s Meeting, 2007. View

Tanyi JA, Fuss M, Varchena V, Lancaster JL, Salter BJ. Phantom investigation of 3D motion-dependent volume aliasing during CT simulation for radiation therapy planning. Radiation Oncology. 2007; 2. View

Wang Z, Wu QJ, Marks LB, Larrier N, Yin F-F. Cone-Beam CT Localization of Internal Target Volumes for Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy of Lung Lesions. International Journal of Radiation OncologyBiologyPhysics. 2007; 69(5):1618-1624. View

Munoz C. Method to Validate the Dosimetric Accuracy of Synchrony Using a CIRS Dynamic Phantom.  Powerpoint presented at Cyberknife User’s Meeting. View

Chuang C, Verhey L, MA L. SU-FF-T-429: The Use of a New Dynamic Motion Phantom for Patient Specific QA in Tracking Therapy. Medical Physics. 2006; 33(6). View 

Keall PJ, Mageras GS, Balter JM, et al. The management of respiratory motion in radiation oncology report of AAPM Task Group 76. Medical Physics. 2006; 33(10). View 

Tanyi, JA, et al. Phantom Investigation of Three-Dimensional Motion Dependent Volume Aliasing During CT Simulation for Radiation Therapy Planning. Poster presented at annual AAPM meeting, Orlando FL, 2006. View 

Tanyi, JA. Phantom Investigation of Three-Dimensional, Motion-Induced Dose Discrepancy During Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy Dose Delivery. Poster presented at annual AAPM meeting, Orlando FL, 2006. View 

Wang Z, Yin F, Yoo S, et al. SU-EE-A1-04: Verifying Internal Target Volume Using Cone-Beam CT for Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy Treatment. Medical Physics. 2006; 33(6). View 

Varchena V, Tanyi J, Salter B. 70 A novel Dynamic Thorax phantom for 3D-CRT and IMRT of lung lesions. Radiotherapy and Oncology. 2005; 76:S42-S43. View

Tanyi JA, Rassiah P, Cheng C, et al. Dosimetric Evaluation of Target Dose in Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT) of Lung Lesions Using aDynamic Motion Anthropomorphic Phantom. 2004. View 

Chan MK, Kwong DL, Ng SC, Tong AS, Tam EK. Accuracy and sensitivity of four-dimensional dose calculation to systematic motion variability in stereotatic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for lung cancer. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2012;13(6):3992. View 

Gao H, Li R, Lin Y, Xing L. 4D cone beam CT via spatiotemporal tensor framelet. Med Phys. 2012;39(11):6943-6. View 

Choi K, Xing L, Koong A, Li R. First study of on-treatment volumetric imaging during respiratory gated VMAT. Med Phys. 2013;40(4):040701. View

Turner K. Investigation of Patient Positioning Accuracy in Lung Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy. Graduate Program in Medical Physics at Duke University. Thesis. 2013. View

Ionascu D, Park S, Killoran J, et al. SU-FF-I-100: Experimental Evaluation of Motion Effects by Integration of the 4DCT/4DPET Hybrid GE Discovery VCT Scanner with the CIRS Dynamic Lung Phantom. Med. Phys. 2007;34(6):2361. View

Ionascu D, Tyagi N, Yang K. WE-E-BRB-04: VMAT Dynamic QA for Moving Lung Tumors. Med. Phys. 2011;38(6):3816. View

Vergalasova I, Maurer J, Yin FF. Potential underestimation of the internal target volume (ITV) from free-breathing CBCT. Med Phys. 2011;38(8):4689-99. View

Chamberland M, Wassenaar R, Spencer B, Xu T. Performance evaluation of real-time motion tracking using positron emission fiducial markers. Med Phys. 2011;38(2):810-9. View

Zhuang L, Yan D, Liang J, et al. Evaluation of image guided motion management methods in lung cancer radiotherapy. Med Phys. 2014;41(3):031911. View

Model 009 Cube Phantom

Heaton R, Ramaseshan R, Zhang T, Norrlinger B, et al. PO-T-97 Dosimetric Evaluation of Plastic Water-Diagnostic-Therapy (PWDT) Phantom Material. AAPM Annual Meeting. 2003. View

Opp D, Forster K, Feygelman V. Commissioning compensator-based IMRT on the Pinnacle treatment planning system. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2011;12(2):3396. View

Kozelka J, Robinson J, Nelms B, Zhang G, Savitskij D, Feygelman V. Optimizing the accuracy of a helical diode array dosimeter: a comprehensive calibration methodology coupled with a novel virtual inclinometer. Med Phys. 2011;38(9):5021-32. View

Model 026 DEXA Phantom

Jackson SA, Miller CG. Choice of Cross-Calibration Phantom for DXA of the Lumbar Spine and Total Hip. ASBMR. 2003. View

Pearson D, Cawte SA, Green DJ. A comparison of phantoms for cross-calibration of lumbar spine DXA. Osteoporosis International. 2002; 13 (12):948-54. View

Jackson SA, Miller CG. Bio-Imaging Technologies Inc. Newtown PA, USA. and the CaMos Research GroupChoice of Cross-Calibration Phantom for DXA of the Lumbar Spine and Total Hip. View

Model 061 Spiral/Helical CT Phantom

Hugo GD, Agazaryan N, Solberg TD. The effects of tumor motion on planning and delivery of respiratory-gated IMRT. Medical Physics. 2003; 30(6). View

Model 062 Electron Density Phantom

Beardmore AB, Rosen II, Cheek DA, Fields RS, Hogstrom KR. Evaluation of MVCT images with skin collimation for electron beam treatment planning. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2008; 9(3):2773. View

Mehran Y, Beaulieu L. Metal artifact reduction in helical CT for radiation therapy treatment planning. 2004; 50(4):139-140. View

Pemler P, Schneider U, Besserer J. Evaluation of the electron density phantom CIRS Model 62. Zeitschrift fur medizinische Physik. 2001; 11(1):25-32. View

Hubbell JH. Photon Mass Attenuation and Energy-Absorption Coefficients from 1 keV to 20 MeV. International Journal Applied Radiation Isotopes. 1982; 33:1269-1290.

Judy PF, Adler GJ. Comparison of equivalent photon energy calibration methods in computed tomography. Medical Physics. 1980; 7:685-691. View

Millner MR, Payne WH, Waggener RG, McDavid WD, et al. Determination of effective energies in CT calibration. Medical Physics. 1978;  5(6):543-545. View

Tsukihara M, Noto Y, Hayakawa T, Saito M. Conversion of the energy-subtracted CT number to electron density based on a single linear relationship: an experimental verification using a clinical dual-source CT scanner. Phys Med Biol. 2013;58(9):N135-44. View

Jeong H, Lee SB, Yoo SH, et al. Compensation method for respiratory motion in proton treatment planning for mobile liver cancer. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2013;14(2):4055. View

Tu S, Yang P, Hong J, Lo C. Quantitative dosimetric assessment for effect of gold nanoparticles as contrast media on radiotherapy planning. Radiation Physics and Chemistry. 2013;88:14-20. View

Gleisner KS, Ljungberg M. Patient-specific whole-body attenuation correction maps from a CT system for conjugate-view-based activity quantification: method development and evaluation. Cancer Biother Radiopharm. 2012;27(10):652-64. View

Beltran, C. (January 01, 2012). Image quality of an investigational imaging panel for use with the imaging beam line cone-beam CT. Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics / American College of Medical Physics, 13, 1.) View

Model 090 & Model 091 Micromouse and Water-Filled Mouse Phantoms

Anderson-Evans, Colin David. "Estimating Effective Dose from Phantom Dose Measurements in Atrial Fibrillation Ablation Procedures and Comparison of MOSFET and TLD Detectors in a Small Animal Dosimetry Setting." Thesis. Thesis / Dissertation ETD, 2011. Print. View

Model 600 3D Sectional Torso Phantom

Seppi EJ, Munro P, Johnsen SW, et al. Megavoltage cone-beam computed tomography using a high-efficiency image receptor. International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics. 2003; 55(3):793-803. View

Model 602 3D Torso Phantom

Oehler M, Bärbel K, Buzug TM. Institute for Medical Engineering. Computed Tomography: Metal-Artifact Reduction. View

Model 605 Radiosurgery Head Phantom

Ma L, Chuang C, Descovich M, Petti P, Smith V, Verhey L. Whole-procedure clinical accuracy of gamma knife treatments of large lesions. Medical Physics. 2008 Nov; 35(11):5110-4. View

Vinci JP, Hogstrom KR, Neck DW. Accuracy of cranial coplanar beam therapy using an oblique, stereoscopic x-ray image guidance system. Medical Physics. 2008; 35(8):3809-3819. View

Yu C, Main W, Taylor D, et al. An anthropomorphic phantom study of the accuracy of Cyberknife spinal radiosurgery. Neurosurgery. 2004; 55(5):1138-1149. View

Chang SD, Main W, Martin DP, Gibbs IC, Heilbrun PP. An analysis of the accuracy of the CyberKnife: a robotic frameless stereotactic radiosurgical system. Neurosurgery. 2003; 52(1). View

Ho A, Luxton G, Hai J, Martin D. Simplification to Verify Dose Delivery Accuracy Using TLD and a Head Phantom for the Cyberknife System (AbstractID: 8506). In: Palais des Congrès de Montréal: AAPM. View

Chang, Zheng, Zhiheng Wang, Jinli Ma, Jackie Wu, Ryan McMahon, John P. Kirkpatrick, and Fang-Fang Yin. "Six Degree-of-Freedom Image Guidance for Frameless Intracranial Stereotactic RadioSurgery with Kilo-voltage Cone- Beam CT." Journal of Nuclear Medicine & Radiation Therapy 1000101st ser. 1.1 (2010) View

Sonier, M. IMRT TREATMENT PLANNING FOR ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS: Patient stratification and dosimetric quality assurance. University of British Columbia. 2013. View

Sutton MW, Fontenot JD, Matthews KL, et al. Accuracy and precision of cone-beam computed tomography guided intensity modulated radiation therapy. Practical Radiation Oncology. 2013. View

Model 610 AAPM CT Performance Phantom

Newton, Ben, and Clemens Kaiser. X-RAY IMAGING AT LOW CONTRAST AGENT CONCENTRATIONS AND/OR LOW DOSE RADIATION. GE HEALTHCARE AS (OSLO, NO), assignee. Patent 20130116554. 9 May 2013. View

Model 701 - 706 ATOM® Dosimetry Verification Phantoms

Becker SJ, Elliston C, Dewyngaert K, Jozsef G, et al. Breast radiotherapy in the prone position primarily reduces the maximum out-of-field measured dose to the ipsilateral lung. Medical Physics. 2012; 39 (5): 2417-23. View

Zhu X, Cahill A M, Felice M, Johnson L, Sarmiento M. Developing Low-Dose C-Arm Ct Imaging for Temporomandibular Joint (tmj) Disorder in Interventional Radiology. Pediatric Radiology. 2010; 41.4:476-482. View

Howell RM, Scarboro SB, Kry S, Yaldo DZ. Accuracy of out-of-field dose calculations by a commercial treatment planning system. Physics in Medicine and Biology. 2010; 55(23):6999-7008. View 

Howell RM, Scarboro SB, Taddei PJ, et al. Methodology for determining doses to in-field, out-of-field and partially in-field organs for late effects studies in photon radiotherapy. Physics in Medicine and Biology. 2010; 55(23):7009-7023. View

Thornton RH, Dauer LT, Altamirano JP, et al. Comparing strategies for operator eye protection in the interventional radiology suite. Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology. 2010; 21(11):1703-1707. View

Miksys N, Gordon CL, Thomas K, Connolly BL. Estimating Effective Dose to Pediatric Patients Undergoing Interventional Radiology Procedures Using Anthropomorphic Phantoms and MOSFET Dosimeters. American Journal of Roentgenology. 2010; 194(5):1315-1322. View

Scarboro SB, Stovall M, White A, et al. Effect of organ size and position on out-of-field dose distributions during radiation therapy. Physics in Medicine and Biology. 2010; 55(23):7025-7036. View

Kim S, Yoshizumi TT, Frush DP, Toncheva G, Yin F-FF. Radiation dose from cone beam CT in a pediatric phantom: risk estimation of cancer incidence. American Journal of Roentgenology. 2010; 194(1):186-190. View

Jaffe TA, Neville AM, Anderson-Evans C, et al. Early First Trimester Fetal Dose Estimation Method in a Multivendor Study of 16- and 64-MDCT Scanners and Low-Dose Imaging Protocols. American Journal of Roentgenology. 2009; 193(4):1019-1024. View

Jaffe TA, Yoshizumi TT, Toncheva G, et al. Radiation Dose for Body CT Protocols: Variability of Scanners at One Institution. American Journal of Roentgenology. 2009; 193(4):1141-1147. View

Bastos M d'Almeida, Lee EY, Strauss KJ, et al. Motion Artifact on High-Resolution CT Images of Pediatric Patients: Comparison of Volumetric and Axial CT Methods. American Journal of Roentgenology. 2009; 193(5):1414-1418. View

McDermott A, White RA, Mc-Nitt-Gray M, Angel E, Cody D. Pediatric organ dose measurements in axial and helical multislice CT. Medical Physics. 2009; 36(5). View

Mazonakis M, Zacharopoulou F, Varveris H, Damilakis J. Peripheral dose measurements for 6 and 18 MV photon beams on a linear accelerator with multileaf collimator. Medical Physics. 2008; 35(10):4396-4403. View

Papadakis AE, Perisinakis K, Damilakis J. Automatic exposure control in pediatric and adult multidetector CT examinations: a phantom study on dose reduction and image quality. Medical Physics. 2008; 35(10):4567-4576. View

Coursey C, Frush DP, Yoshizumi T, et al. Pediatric Chest MDCT Using Tube Current Modulation: Effect on Radiation Dose with Breast Shielding. American Journal of Roentgenology. 2008; 190(1):W54-61. View

Hollingsworth CL, Yoshizumi TT, Frush DP, et al. Pediatric Cardiac-Gated CT Angiography: Assessment of Radiation Dose. American Journal of Roentgenology.2007; 189(1):12-18. View

Brenner DJ, McCollough CH, Orton CG. It is time to retire the computed tomography dose index (CTDI) for CT quality assurance and dose optimization. Medical Physics. 2006; 33(5). View

Damilakis J, Stratakis J, Raissaki M, et al. Normalized dose data for upper gastrointestinal tract contrast studies performed to infants. Medical Physics. 2006; 33(4). View

Hurwitz LM, Yoshizumi TT, Reiman RE, Paulson EK et al. Radiation Dose to the Female Breast from 16-MDCT Body Protocols. American Journal of Roentgenology. 2006; 186(6):1718-22. View

Jaffe TA, Gaca AM, Delaney S, Yoshizumi TT, et al. Radiation doses from small-bowel follow-through and abdominopelvic MDCT in Crohn's disease. American Journal of Roentgenology. 2007; 189 (5): 1015-22. View

Ranade M, Lynch B, Li J, Dempsey J. TH-E-224A-04: IMRT Film QA in a Heterogeneous Anthropomorphic Phantom. Medical Physics. 2006; 33(6). View

Hood C, Kron T, Hamilton C, et al. Correlation of 3D-planned and measured dosimetry of photon and electron craniospinal radiation in a pediatric anthropomorphic phantom. Radiotherapy and Oncology. 2005; 77(1):111-116. View

Kudchadker RJ, Chang EL, Bryan F, Maor MH, Famiglietti R. An evaluation of radiation exposure from portal films taken during definitive course of pediatric radiotherapy. International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics. 2004; 59(4):1229-1235. View

Fricke BL, Donnelly LF, Frush DP, et al. In-Plane Bismuth Breast Shields for Pediatric CT: Effects on Radiation Dose and Image Quality Using Experimental and Clinical Data. American Journal of Roentgenology. 2003; 180(2):407-411. View

Varchena V. Pediatric phantoms. Pediatric Radiology. 2002; 32(4):280-284. View

Zhou Y, Scott A. SU-E-I-09: Image Quality Evaluation on Reduced Doses in Brain CT Scans - Anthropomorphic Phantom Study Using Adaptive Statistical Iterative Reconstruction. Med. Phys. 2011;38(6):3397-. View

Dhabaan A, Schreibmann E, Siddiqi A, et al. Six degrees of freedom CBCT-based positioning for intracranial targets treated with frameless stereotactic radiosurgery. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2012;13(6):3916. View

Emigh B, Gordon CL, Connolly BL, Falkiner M, Thomas KE. Effective dose estimation for pediatric upper gastrointestinal examinations using an anthropomorphic phantom set and metal oxide semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET) technology. Pediatr Radiol. 2013. View

Martínez-rovira I, Sempau J, Prezado Y. Monte Carlo-based dose calculation engine for minibeam radiation therapy. Phys Med. 2013. View

Tootell AK, Szczepura KR, Hogg P. Optimising the number of thermoluminescent dosimeters required for the measurement of effective dose for computed tomography attenuation correction data in SPECT/CT myocardial perfusion imaging. Radiography. 2013;19(1):42-47. View

Zhang R, Howell RM, Giebeler A, Taddei PJ, Mahajan A, Newhauser WD. Comparison of risk of radiogenic second cancer following photon and proton craniospinal irradiation for a pediatric medulloblastoma patient. Phys Med Biol. 2013;58(4):807-23. View

Solomon JB, Li X, Samei E. Relating noise to image quality indicators in CT examinations with tube current modulation. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2013;200(3):592-600. View

Huang JY, Followill DS, Wang XA, Kry SF. Accuracy and sources of error of out-of field dose calculations by a commercial treatment planning system for intensity-modulated radiation therapy treatments. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2013;14(2):4139. View

Chan S, Ho Y, Tyan Y, Tsai H. Organ dose and scattering dose for CT coronary angiography and calcium scoring using automatic tube current modulation. Radiation Measurements. 2013. View

Wang AJ, Goldsmith ZG, Wang C, et al. Obesity triples the radiation dose of stone protocol computerized tomography. J Urol. 2013;189(6):2142-6. View

Ma H, Elbakri IA, Reed M. ESTIMATION OF ORGAN AND EFFECTIVE DOSES FROM NEWBORN RADIOGRAPHY OF THE CHEST AND ABDOMEN. Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2013. View

Johnston JH, Podberesky DJ, Yoshizumi TT, et al. Comparison of radiation dose estimates, image noise, and scan duration in pediatric body imaging for volumetric and helical modes on 320-detector CT and helical mode on 64-detector CT. Pediatr Radiol. 2013. View

Szczykutowicz TP, Mistretta CA. Design of a digital beam attenuation system for computed tomography. Part II. Performance study and initial results. Med Phys. 2013;40(2):021906. View

Lee YW, Yang CC, Mok GS, Wu TH. Infant cardiac CT angiography with 64-slice and 256-slice CT: comparison of radiation dose and image quality using a pediatric phantom. PLoS ONE. 2012;7(11):e49609. View

Astroza G, Neisius A, Wang AJ, et al. Radiation Exposure in the follow-up of patients with urolithiasis comparing Digital Tomosynthesis, Non-Contrast CT, Standard KUB and IVP. J Endourol. 2013. View

Neisius A, Wang AJ, Wang C, et al. Radiation Exposure in Urology - A Genitourinary Catalogue for diagnostic imaging. J Urol. 2013. View

Thapa, Bishnu Bahadur, "DEVELOPMENT OF A PATIENT SPECIFIC IMAGE PLANNING SYSTEM FOR RADIATION THERAPY" (2013).Theses and Dissertations--Physics and Astronomy.Paper 11. View

Anderson-Evans, Colin David. "Estimating Effective Dose from Phantom Dose Measurements in Atrial Fibrillation Ablation Procedures and Comparison of MOSFET and TLD Detectors in a Small Animal Dosimetry Setting." Thesis. Thesis / Dissertation ETD, 2011. Print. View

Lipkin ME, Wang AJ, Toncheva G, Ferrandino MN, Yoshizumi TT, Preminger GM. Determination of patient radiation dose during ureteroscopic treatment of urolithiasis using a validated model. J Urol. 2012;187(3):920-4. View

Fujii K, Akahane K, Miyazaki O, et al. Evaluation of organ doses in CT examinations with an infant anthropomorphic phantom. Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2011;147(1-2):151-5. View

Hranitzky, C., & Stadtmann, H. (January 01, 2011). Patient dosimetry study of a paediatric CT examination. Radiation Measurements, 46, 12, 2035-2038. View

Theodorakou, C., Walker, A., Horner, K., Pauwels, R., Bogaerts, R., Jacobs, R., & SEDENTEXCT Project Consortium. (January 01, 2012). Estimation of paediatric organ and effective doses from dental cone beam CT using anthropomorphic phantoms. The British Journal of Radiology, 85, 1010, 153-60. View

Govia, K., Connolly, B. L., Thomas, K. E., & Gordon, C. L. (April 01, 2012). Estimates of Effective Dose to Pediatric Patients Undergoing Enteric and Venous Access Procedures.Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, 23, 4, 443-450. View

Model 711-HN Dental & Diagnostic Head Phantom

Albertini F, Casiraghi M, Lorentini S, et al. Experimental verification of IMPT treatment plans in an anthropomorphic phantom in the presence of delivery uncertainties. Physics in Medicine and Biology. 2011; 56:4415. View

Model 801-P Virtually Human Male Pelvis Phantom

Sykes, J., et al., Evaluation Report X-Ray Tomographic Image Guided Radiotherapy Systems. Radiotherapy Physics Group Medical Physics and Engineering & Radiotherapy Department, Non-Surgical Oncology. NHS Centre for Evidence-based Purchasing (UK).CEP 10071: March 2010. View

Sykes, J., et al., Protocol: Technical evaluation of X-ray tomographic image-guided radiotherapy devices. Radiotherapy Physics Group Medical Physics and Engineering & Radiotherapy Department, Non-Surgical Oncology. NHS Centre for Evidence-based Purchasing (UK). CEP10071: March 2010. View

Schaly B, Varchena V, Au P, Pang G. Evaluation of an anthropomorphic male pelvic phantom for image-guided radiotherapy. Reports in Medical Imaging. 2009; 2:69-78. View

Schaly B, Varchena V, Au P, Pang G. Sci-Thur PM Therapy-05: Evaluation of male pelvic phantom for megavoltage cone-beam computed tomography. Medical Physics. 2006; 33(7). View 

Ouyang L, Song K, Solberg T, Wang J. A moving blocker system for cone-beam computed tomography scatter correction. Proc. SPIE 8668, Medical Imaging 2013: Physics of Medical Imaging, 86681P (March 6, 2013). View

Plastic Water®

Demez N, Lee TK. Study on the compatibility of tissue equivalent phantoms for use in proton beam therapy QA. E-Poster Presentation, European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology (ESTRO 31) Barcelona, Spain, 2012. View

Guillot M, Beaulieu L, Archambault L, Gingras L, Beddar S. A New Water-Equivalent 2D Plastic Scintillation Detectors Array for the Dosimetry of Megavoltage Energy Photon Beams in Radiation Therapy. Medical Physics. 2011; 38(12):6763-6774. View

Xu L, McEwen M, Cojocaru C, Faddegon B. SU-FF-T-443: Measurement of Lateral Dose Distributions Using GafChromic EBT Films and PTW Starcheck 2-D Array. Medical Physics. 2009; 36(6). View

Beardmore AB, Rosen II, Cheek DA, Fields RS, Hogstrom KR. Evaluation of MVCT images with skin collimation for electron beam treatment planning. J Appl Clin Medical Physics. 2008; 9(3):2773. View

Lacroix F, Archambault L, Gingras L, et al. Clinical prototype of a plastic water-equivalent scintillating fiber dosimeter array for QA applications. Medical Physics. 2008; 35(8):3682-3690. View

Ramaseshan R, Kohli K, Cao F, Heaton R. A Dosimetric evaluation of Plastic Water-Diagnostic-Therapy (PWDT). Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics. 2008; 9(2). View

Carrasco P, Jornet N, Duch MA, et al. Comparison of dose calculation algorithms in slab phantoms with cortical bone equivalent heterogeneities. Medical Physics. 2007; 34(8):3323-3333. View

Goodsitt M, Chan H P, Way T W, et al. Accuracy of the Ct Numbers of Simulated Lung Nodules Imaged with Multi-Detector Ct Scanners. Medical Physics. 2006; 33(8):3006-3017. View

McEwen MR, Niven D. Characterization of the phantom material virtual water in high-energy photon and electron beams. Medical Physics. 2006; 33(4):876-87. View

Carrasco P, Jornet N, Duch MA, et al. Comparison of dose calculation algorithms in phantoms with lung equivalent heterogeneities under conditions of lateral electronic disequilibrium. Medical Physics. 2004; 31(10). View

Casar B, Zdesar U, & Robar V.  Evaluation of water equivalency of Plastic Water™ for high-energy electron beams using IAEA TRS-398 Code of Practice.  Radiology and Oncology. 2004; 38(1):55-60. View

Ramaseshan, R., Kohli, K., Cao, F., & Heaton, R. (2008). A Dosimetric evaluation of Plastic Water-Diagnostic-Therapy (PWDT). Journal Of Applied Clinical Medical Physics, 9(2). doi:10.1120/jacmp.v9i2.2761. View

Saitoh H, Tomaru T, Fujisaki, T, et al. A Study on Properties of Water Substitute Solid Phantom using EGS Code. In: Vol 2002. Japan; 2003; 55-63. View

Wallace RE. AbstractID: 8072 Title: Evaluated Phantom Material for 125I and 103Pd Dosimetry. AAPM Annual Meeting, Montreal, Canada. 2002 View

Watts RJ. Method to QA 3-D Treatment Planning Systems.  Presented at annual AAPM meeting, San Antonio TX, 2001; International Medical Physics Services; Poster# SU-FF-EXH C-48. View

Allahverdi M, Nisbet A, Thwaites DI. An evaluation of epoxy resin phantom materials for megavoltage photon dosimetry. Physics in Medicine and Biology. 1999; 44(5). View

Tello VM. How water equivalent are water-equivalent solid materials for output calibration of photon and electron beams? Medical Physics. 1995; 22(7). View

Tello, VM, Evaluation of Plastic Water (Cream Colored) for Absorbed Dose Calibration of Photon and Electron Beams. Presented at the AAPM Southwest Chapter Meeting, 1992. View

Berbeco RI, Korideck H, Ngwa W, et al. DNA damage enhancement from gold nanoparticles for clinical MV photon beams. Radiat Res. 2012;178(6):604-8. View

Robinson J, Opp D, Zhang G, Feygelman V. Evaluation of inhomogeneity correction factors for 6 MV flattening filter-free beams with brass compensators. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2013;14(3):3990. View

Wack L, Ngwa W, Tryggestad E, et al. High throughput film dosimetry in homogeneous and heterogeneous media for a small animal irradiator. Phys Med. 2013. View

Berbeco RI, Korideck H, Ngwa W, et al. DNA damage enhancement from gold nanoparticles for clinical MV photon beams. Radiat Res. 2012;178(6):604-8. View

Thapa, Bishnu Bahadur, "DEVELOPMENT OF A PATIENT SPECIFIC IMAGE PLANNING SYSTEM FOR RADIATION THERAPY" (2013).Theses and Dissertations--Physics and Astronomy.Paper 11. View

Opp D, Forster K, Feygelman V. Commissioning compensator-based IMRT on the Pinnacle treatment planning system. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2011;12(2):3396. View

Gossman MS, Das IJ, Sharma SC, Lopez JP, Howard CM, Claudio P. A novel phantom model for mouse tumor dose assessment under MV beams. Health Phys. 2011;101(6):746-53. View

Wilson JP, Mulligan K, Fan B, et al. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry-based body volume measurement for 4-compartment body composition. Am J Clin Nutr. 2012;95(1):25-31. View

Bing F, Doucet R, Lacroix F, et al. Liquid embolization material reduces the delivered radiation dose: clinical myth or reality?. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2012;33(2):320-2. View

Eaton, D. J., Best, B., Brew-Graves, C., Duck, S., Ghaus, T., Gonzalez, R., Pigott, K., ... Keshtgar, M. R. S. (April 01, 2012). In Vivo Dosimetry for Single-Fraction Targeted Intraoperative Radiotherapy (TARGIT) for Breast Cancer. International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics, 82, 5.) View

Tissue Equivalent Material & Plastic Water®

Carrasco P, Jornet N, Duch MA, et al. Comparison of dose calculation algorithms in phantoms with lung equivalent heterogeneities under conditions of lateral electronic disequilibrium. Medical Physics. 2004;31(10).  View

Tromans CE, Cocker MR, Brady SM. Quantification and normalization of x-ray mammograms. Phys Med Biol. 2012;57(20):6519-40. View

Custom Phantoms

PW & Breast (Hard Resin) Phantom

Bencomo JA, Chu C, Tello VM, Cho SHH, Ibbott GS. Anthropomorphic breast phantoms for quality assurance and dose verification. Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics / American College of Medical Physics. 2004;5(1):36-49. View

BallCube (008), Radiosurgery Head (605) & ATOM Dosimetry Verification Phantoms

Yu C, Main W, Taylor D, et al. An anthropomorphic phantom study of the accuracy of Cyberknife spinal radiosurgery. Neurosurgery. 2004; 55(5):1138-1149. View

Main W, et al. CyberKnife® Targeting Accuracy using the CK-6°TM Algorithm. MS Boulder Community Hospital 2003. View

CT Phantom

Bastos M d'Almeida, Lee EY, Strauss KJ, et al. Motion Artifact on High-Resolution CT Images of Pediatric Patients: Comparison of Volumetric and Axial CT Methods. American Journal of Roentgenology. 2009; 193(5):1414-1418. View

Salmon PL. Calibration of thickness and BMD measurement in micro-CT imaging of bone. Presented at Skyscan User Meeting, Ter Elst Hotel, Edegem, Belgium, 2003. View

Tublin ME, Murphy ME, Delong DM, Tessler FN, Kliewer MA. Conspicuity of Renal Calculi at Unenhanced CT: Effects of Calculus Composition and Size and CT Technique1. Radiology. 2002; 225(1):91-96. View.

 Visceral Adipose Phantom

Rothney MP, Xia Y, Wacker WK, et al. Precision of a new tool to measure visceral adipose tissue (VAT) using dual-energy X-Ray absorptiometry (DXA). Obesity (Silver Spring). 2013;21(1):E134-6. View

Custom Bone Phantom

Levasseur, A., Ploeg, H. L., & Petit, Y. (January 01, 2012). Comparison of the influences of structural characteristics on bulk mechanical behaviour: experimental study using a bone surrogate. Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing, 50, 1, 61-7. View

Ultrasound

Model 040GSE General Purpose Multi-Tissue Ultrasound Phantom

Rizzo G, Capponi A, Pietrolucci ME, Arduini D. Role of Sonographic Automatic Volume Calculation in Measuring Fetal Cardiac Ventricular Volumes Using 4-Dimensional Sonography: Comparison With Virtual Organ Computer-Aided Analysis. J Ultrasound Med. 2010; 29(2):261-270. View 

Kim C, Yoon C, Park JH, et al. Evaluation of Ultrasound Synthetic Aperture Imaging using Bi-directional Pixel-based Focusing: Preliminary phantom and in vivo Breast study. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2013. View

Casper A, Liu D, Ballard J, Ebbini E. Real-time Implementation of a Dual-Mode Ultrasound Array System: In Vivo Results. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2013. View

Romero-Laorden D, Martínez-Graullera O, Ibañez A, Ullate LG. Beamforming method based on phase dispersion Fourier analysis for SAFT images. IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng. 2012;42:012009-. View

Romero-Laorden, D., J. Villazón-Terrazas, O. Martínez-Graullera, and A. Ibáñez. "Chapter 9." Strategies for Hardware Reduction on the Design of Portable Ultrasound Imaging Systems. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 June 2013.View

Saarakkala, S., Waris, P., Waris, V., Tarkiainen, I., Karvanen, E., Aarnio, J., & Koski, J. M. (May 01, 2012). Diagnostic performance of knee ultrasonography for detecting degenerative changes of articular cartilage. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, 20, 5, 376-381. View

Model 044 Ultrasound Resolution Phantom

Huang QH, Yang Z, Hu W, Jin LW, Wei G, Li X. Linear Tracking for 3-D Medical Ultrasound Imaging. IEEE Trans Cybern. 2013. View

Model 045 Brachytherapy QA Phantom

Pfeiffer D, Sutlief S, Feng W, Pierce HM, Kofler J. AAPM Task Group 128: Quality assurance tests for prostate brachytherapy ultrasound systems. Medical Physics. 2008; 35(12). View 

Model 046 Blood Mimicking Fluid

Ramnarine KV, Nassiri DK, Hoskins PR, Lubbers J. Validation of a new blood-mimicking fluid for use in Doppler flow test objects. Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology. 1998; 24(3):451-9. View

Model 047 Gray Scale Ultrasound Phantom

Carson, Paul, Gerald Lecarpentier, Christine Lashbrook, Won-mean Lee, Mitchelle Goodsitt, Kazuhiro Saitou, Boyun Wang, Seunghun Baek, and Brian Fowlkes. LOCAL COMPRESSION DURING AUTOMATED ULTRASOUND SCANNING AND METHODS OF ACOUSTIC COUPLING. The Regents Of The University Of Michigan (Ann Arbor, MI, US), assignee. Patent 20130116570. 09 May 2013. View

Model 049 & 049A Elasticity QA Phantoms

Harris, E., Miller, NR. Et al. Speckle tracking in a phantom feature-based tracking in liver in the presence of respiratory motion using 4D ultrasound. Phys. Med. Biol. 55 2010; 55; 3363-3380. View

McAleavey, Stephen A. Methods and Systems for Spatially Modulated Ultrasound Radiation Force Imaging. Patent US2011/0184287 A1. 28 July 2011. View

Schneider C, Baghani A, Rohling R, Salcudean S. Remote ultrasound palpation for robotic interventions using absolute elastography. Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv. 2012;15(Pt 1):42-9. View

Baghani A, Eskandari H, Wang W, et al. Real-time quantitative elasticity imaging of deep tissue using free-hand conventional ultrasound. Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv. 2012;15(Pt 2):617-24. View

Azar RZ, Dickie K, Pelissier L. Real-time 1-D/2-D transient elastography on a standard ultrasound scanner using mechanically induced vibration. IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control. 2012;59(10):2167-77. View

Baghani A, Salcudean S, Honarvar M, Sahebjavaher RS, Rohling R, Sinkus R. Travelling wave expansion: a model fitting approach to the inverse problem of elasticity reconstruction. IEEE Trans Med Imaging. 2011;30(8):1555-65. View

Azar, R. Z., Baghani, A., Salcudean, S. E., Rohling, R., & 2010 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS 2010. (December 01, 2010). Dynamic elastography using delay compensated and angularly compounded high frame rate 2D motion vectors. Proceedings - Ieee Ultrasonics Symposium, 1616-1619. View

Model 050 Near Field Ultrasound Phantom

Øvland, R. Coherent Plane-Wave Compounding in Medical Ultrasound Imaging: Quality investigation of 2D B-mode images of stationary and moving objects. Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 2012. View

Siepmann M, Fokong S, Mienkina M, et al. Phase shift variance imaging - a new technique for destructive microbubble imaging. IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control. 2013;60(5):909-23. View

Model 053 Tissue-Equivalent Ultrasound Prostate Phantom

Kemper J, Burkholder A, Jain A, et al. TU-EE-A1-06: Transrectal Fiducial Carrier for Radiographic Image Registration in Prostate Brachytherapy. Medical Physics. 2005; 32(6). View

Tremblay C, Gingras L, Archambault L, et al. SU-FF-T-232: Characterization and Use of MOSFET as In Vivo Dosimeters under 192Ir Irradiation for Real-Time Quality Assurance. Medical Physics. 2005; 32(6). View

Onik G, Downey D, Fenster A. Three-dimensional sonographically monitored cryosurgery in a prostate phantom. Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine. 1996; 15(3):267-270. View

Seifabadi, Reza. "TELEOPERATED MRI‚ÄźGUIDED PROSTATE NEEDLE PLACEMENT." Thesis. Queen's University, Canada, 2013. View

Ukimura O, Desai MM, Palmer S, et al. 3-Dimensional elastic registration system of prostate biopsy location by real-time 3-dimensional transrectal ultrasound guidance with magnetic resonance/transrectal ultrasound image fusion. J Urol. 2012;187(3):1080-6. View

Model 054 General Purpose Ultrasound Phantom

Cozzolino P, Stramare R, Udilano A, et al. Quality control of ultrasound transducers: analysis of evaluation parameters and results of a survey of 116 transducers in a single hospital. Radiol Med. 2010;115(4):668-77. View

Model 055 3D Ultrasound Calibration Phantom

Amin VR, Wang B, Sonka M, Lauer RM. Three-dimensional ultrasound imaging of vessel wall for evaluating atherosclerosis risk and disease. SPIE International Society for Optical Engineering. 2002; Proc SPIE 4687(32):255-263. View

Model 059 Breast Elastography Phantom

Rivaz, H., E. Boctor, P. Foroughi, R. Zellars, G. Fichtinger, and G. Hager. "Ultrasound Elastography: A Dynamic Programming Approach." IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging 27.10 (2008): 1373-377. View

Sayed A, Layne G, Abraham J, Mukdadi O. Nonlinear characterization of breast cancer using multi-compression 3D ultrasound elastography in vivo. Ultrasonics. 2013;53(5):979-91. View

Eskandari H, Salcudean SE, Rohling R, Bell I. Real-time solution of the finite element inverse problem of viscoelasticity. Inverse Problems. 2011;27(8):085002-. View

Model 066 Prostate Elastography Phantom

Wu Z, Taylor LS, Rubens DJ and Parker KJ. Shear wave focusing for three-dimensional sonoelastography. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 2002; 111(1):439-446. View

Amalou H, Wood BJ. Re: Phantom study of a novel stereotactic prostate biopsy system integrating preinterventional magnetic resonance imaging and live ultrasonography fusion (from: Kuru TH, Roethke M, Popeneclu V, et al. J Endourol 2012;26:807-813.). J Endourol. 2013;27(2):252-3. View

Ukimura O, Desai MM, Palmer S, et al. 3-Dimensional elastic registration system of prostate biopsy location by real-time 3-dimensional transrectal ultrasound guidance with magnetic resonance/transrectal ultrasound image fusion. J Urol. 2012;187(3):1080-6. View

Model 068 Fetal Ultrasound Biometrics Phantom

Hansmann M, Hackeloer BJ, Staudach A, eds. Ultrasound Diagnosis in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Berlin, Springer- Verlag. 1985; 113-153.

Huang QH, Yang Z, Hu W, Jin LW, Wei G, Li X. Linear Tracking for 3-D Medical Ultrasound Imaging. IEEE Trans Cybern. 2013. View

Model 072 Vascular Access Training Phantom Kit

Dodge, K. L., Lynch, C. A., Moore, C. L., Biroscak, B. J., & Evans, L. V. (January 01, 2012). Use of ultrasound guidance improves central venous catheter insertion success rates among junior residents. Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine, 31, 10, 1519-26. View

Zerdine & Urethane Ultrasound

Wu Z, Hoyt K, Rubens DJ and Parker KJ. Sonoelastographic imaging of interference patterns for estimation of shear velocity distribution in biomaterials. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 2006; 120: 535-45. View

Browne JE, Ramnairne KV, Hoskins PR and Watson AJ. Assessment of the acoustic properties of common tissue-mimicking test phantoms. Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology. 2003; 29(7):1053-1060. View 

Browne JE, Ramnairne KV, Hoskins PR and Watson AJ, "A Comparative Study of the Physical Properties of Five Commonly used Ultrasound Test Phantoms."MDA Ultrasound Equipment Evaluation Project, Glasgow Western Infirmary. 2002. View

Goharrizi AY, N'djin WA, Kwong R, Chopra R. Development of a new control strategy for 3D MRI-controlled interstitial ultrasound cancer therapy. Med Phys. 2013;40(3):033301. View

General Ultrasound - CIRS Lab Capabilities

Madsen EL, Dong F, Frank GR, et al. Interlaboratory comparison of ultrasonic backscatter, attenuation, and speed measurements. J Ultrasound Med. 1999; 18(9):615-631. View 

Custom Phantoms

Prostate Phantom (MRI & Elastography)

Arani A, Plewes D, Krieger A, Chopra R. The feasibility of endorectal MR elastography for prostate cancer localization. Magn. Reson. Med. 2011. View

Krieger A, Iordachita I, Guion P, et al. An MRI-Compatible Robotic System with Hybrid Tracking for MRI-Guided Prostate Intervention. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering. 2011. View

N’djin, W. A., Burtnyk, M., Bronskill, M., & Chopra, R. (February 01, 2012). Investigation of power and frequency for 3D conformal MRI-controlled transurethral ultrasound therapy with a dual frequency multi-element transducer. International Journal of Hyperthermia, 28, 1, 87-104. View

Elastography Phantom

Lee J-H, Garcia-Acosta N, Te K, Won C-H. Proceedings of SPIE: Tactile sensation imaging system for inclusion characterization. Mahadevan-Jansen A, Vo-Dinh T, Grundfest WS, eds. Advanced Biomedical and Clinical Diagnostic Systems IX. 2011; 7890. View

Treece G, Lindop J, Chen L, et al. Real-time quasi-static ultrasound elastography. Interface Focus. 2011. View

Amador, C., Urban, M. W., Chen, S., & Greenleaf, J. F. (January 01, 2012). Loss tangent and complex modulus estimated by acoustic radiation force creep and shear wave dispersion. Physics in Medicine and Biology, 57, 5, 1263-82. View

Ultrasound Bone Phantom

Wear KA, Laib A. The dependence of ultrasonic backscatter on trabecular thickness in human calcaneus: Theoretical and experimental results. IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control. 2003; 50(8):979-986. View

Mammography

Model 011A Tissue-Equivalent Phantom for Mammography

Milanfar P. Super-resolution imaging. CRC Press; 2011:394-396. View

Shafer CM, Samei E, Lo JY. The quantitative potential for breast tomosynthesis imaging. Medical Physics. 2010;37(3). View

Nassivera E, Nardin L. Daily quality control programme in mammography. Br J Radiol. 1996; 69(818):148-152. View

Skubic SE. The effect of breast composition on absorbed dose and image contrast. Medical Physics. 1989; 16(4). View

Fatouros PP, et al. Development and Use of Realistically Shaped Tissue Equivalent Phantoms for assessing the Mammographic Process. Presented at 74th Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting of the Radiological Society of North America, Chicago IL,1988. View

Zhou Y. TH-A-217BCD-11: A Practical Approach to Evaluate the Performance of Automatic Exposure Controls in Digital Mammography. Med. Phys. 2012;39(6):3991-. View

Hu YH, Zhao W. The effect of angular dose distribution on the detection of microcalcifications in digital breast tomosynthesis. Med Phys. 2011;38(5):2455-66. View

Model 012A Mammography Research Set

Li X, Da Z, Liu B. A generic geometric calibration method for tomographic imaging systems with flat-panel detectors--a detailed implementation guide. Medical Physics. 2010; 37(7):3844-54. View

Kuzmiak CM, Pisano ED, Cole EB, et al. Comparison of full-field digital mammography to screen-film mammography with respect to contrast and spatial resolution in tissue equivalent breast phantoms. Medical Physics. 2005; 32(10). View

Hammerstein R, Miller D, White D, et al. Absorbed Dose in Mammography. Radiology. 130:485-491. View

Hubbell JH. Photon Mass Attenuation and Energy-Absorption Coefficients from 1 keV to 20 MeV. International Journal Applied Radiation Isotopes. 1982; 33:1269-1290. View 

Ko MS, Kim HH, Cha JH, Shin HJ, Kim JH, Kim MJ. Dose reduction in automatic optimization parameter of full field digital mammography: breast phantom study. J Breast Cancer. 2013;16(1):90-6.View

Model 013 Stereotactic Needle Biopsy Training Phantom

Urban MW, ChalekC, Haider B, Thomenius KE, Fatemi M, Alizad A. A beamforming study for implementation of vibro-acoustography with a 1.75-D array transducer. IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control. 2013;60(3):535-51. View

Model 014 Mammography Artifact Evaluation Phantom & Phototimer Testing Slabs

White DR. Epoxy resin based tissue substitutes. British Journal of Radiology. 1987; 50:814-821. View

Model 015 Mammographic Accreditation Phantom

Imamura K, et al. Synchrotron Radiation Imaging Showed Cracking-Like Structures in ACR-Approved Mammography Phantoms. Poster presented at annual AAPM meeting, 2003; Poster# TH-C24A08. View

Geise RA, Palchevsky A. Composition of mammographic phantom materials. Radiology. 1996; 198(2):347-350. View

Chakraborty DP. Quantitative versus subjective evaluation of mammography accreditation phantom images. Medical Physics. 1995; 22(2). View

Model 015 Mammographic Accreditation Phantom & Model 085 Digital Mammography Phantom

Berns EA, Hendrick ER. Technical Evaluation of Foam Pads in Mammography. Poster presented at National Consortium of Breast CentersNCBC), Las Vegas, Nevada, Feb 22-24, 2004. View

Model 016A Exposure Contrast Resolution Phantom & Model 016B Special High Contrast Resolution Phantom

Goodsitt MM, Chan H-P, Liu B. Investigation of the line-pair pattern method for evaluating mammographic focal spot performance. Medical Physics. 1997; 24(1). View 

Model 017 Mammographic Step Wedge

Shepherd JA, Kerlikowske KM, Smith-Bindman R, Genant HK, sCummings SR. Measurement of Breast Density with Dual X-ray Absorptiometry: Feasibility1. Radiology. 2002; 223(2):554-557. View 

White DR. Epoxy resin based tissue substitutes. British Journal of Radiology. 1987; 50:814-821. View

Model 020 Mammography BR3D Phantom

Feng SSJ, Sechopoulos I. A Software-Based X-Ray Scatter Correction Method for Breast Tomosynthesis. Medical Physics. 2011; 38(12):6643-6653. View

Taibi A et al. Lesion detectability in digital mammography and digital breast tomosynthesis: A Phantom Study. 2010; ECR Presentation B-823. View '

Y.-H. Hu, D. A. Scaduto, W. Zhao, "Optimization of clinical protocols for contrast enhanced breast imaging," in SPIE Medical Imaging (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2013), p. 86680G–86680G. View

Model 081 Digital Step Wedge

Thapa, Bishnu Bahadur, "DEVELOPMENT OF A PATIENT SPECIFIC IMAGE PLANNING SYSTEM FOR RADIATION THERAPY" (2013).Theses and Dissertations--Physics and Astronomy.Paper 11. View

Model 240 Specimen Imaging and Transport Container

Luciani A, Pigneur F, Ghozali F, et al. Ex vivo MRI of axillary lymph nodes in breast cancer. European Journal of Radiology. 2009; 69(1):59-66. View

General Mammography

Verdun FR, Moeckli R, Valley J-F, et al. European Survey of Image Quality Assessment Methods Used in Mammography. Radiation Protection Dosimetry. 1998; 80(1-3):73-76. View

Byng J, Mainprize JG, Yaffe MJ. X-ray characterization of breast phantom materials. Physics in Medicine and Biology. 1998; 1367-1377. View

Borg, M., Badr, I., & Royle, G. J. (January 01, 2012). The use of a figure-of-merit (FOM) for optimisation in digital mammography: a literature review. Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 151, 1, 81-8. View

Custom Phantoms

Cone Beam CT Breast Phantom

Kwan ALC, Boone JM, Shah N. Evaluation of x-ray scatter properties in a dedicated cone-beam breast CT scanner. Medical Physics. 2005; 32(9). View

Custom Breast Phantom with Cylindrical Plugs

Alonzo-Proulx, O. "Validation of a Method for Measuring the Volumetric Breast Density from Digital Mammograms." Physics in Medicine and Biology 55.11 (2010): 3027-044. View

Tissue-Equivalent Mammography Phantom (Model 011A)

Pachoud M. Development of a test object for an objective assessment of image quality in conventional or digital mammography. 2002: 219-225. View 

MRI

Custom Phantoms

MRI Phantom (Thermal Ablation)

Holbrook AB, Ghanouni P, Butts Pauly K, Santos JM, et al. In vivo MR acoustic radiation force imaging in the porcine liver. Medical Physics. 2011; 38(9):5081-5089. View

Bouchard L-S, Bronskill MJ. Magnetic resonance imaging of thermal coagulation effects in a phantom for calibrating thermal therapy devices. Medical Physics. 2000; 27(5). View

MRI Phantom

Bronskill MJ, Escaravage M, Stanisz G, Henkelman RM. Abstracts (Continue in Part XXXXIV) - Development of Materials to Calibrate Thermal Damage Patterns with MRI. Proc. Soc. Magn. Reson. Med. 1997; (S1):2151-2200. View

Roe JE, Prentice WE, Hornak JP. A multipurpose MRI phantom based on a reverse micelle solution. Magn. Reson. Med. 1996; 35(1):136-141. View 

MULTI-MODALITY

Model 048 Multi-Modality Pelvic Phantom

Fontanarosa D, Pesente S, Pascoli F, Ermacora D, Rumeileh IA, Verhaegen F. A speed of sound aberration correction algorithm for curvilinear ultrasound transducers in ultrasound-based image-guided radiotherapy. Phys Med Biol. 2013;58(5):1341-60. View

Model 051 Triple Modality Biopsy Phantom

Solberg OVV, Lindseth F, Bø LEE, et al. 3D ultrasound reconstruction algorithms from analog and digital data. Ultrasonics. 2011; 51(4):405-419. View 

Chun HY, Jung HC, Kim MT, Kim KG, Ko KL. Needle insertion force exerted on various breast tissues: Experimental study and finite element analysis. Biomed. Eng. Lett. 2012;2(3):173-178. View

C. Lee AW, Rajagopal V, Doyle A, F. Nielsen PM, Nash MP. Breast lesion co-localisation between X-ray and MR images using finite element modelling. Medical Image Analysis. 2013. View 

Nakano S, Yoshida M, Fujii K, et al. Real-time virtual sonography, a coordinated sonography and MRI system that uses magnetic navigation, improves the sonographic identification of enhancing lesions on breast MRI. Ultrasound Med Biol. 2012;38(1):42-9. View

Model 053 Multi-Modality Prostate Training Phantom

Thörmer G, Reiss-zimmermann M, Otto J, et al. Novel technique for MR elastography of the prostate using a modified standard endorectal coil as actuator. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2013;37(6):1480-5. View

Amalou H, Wood BJ. Re: Phantom study of a novel stereotactic prostate biopsy system integrating preinterventional magnetic resonance imaging and live ultrasonography fusion (from: Kuru TH, Roethke M, Popeneclu V, et al. J Endourol 2012;26:807-813.). J Endourol. 2013;27(2):252-3. View

Krieger, A., Song, S.-E., Bongjoon, C. N., Iordachita, I. I., Guion, P., Whitcomb, L. L., & Fichtinger, G. (January 01, 2013). Development and evaluation of an actuated MRI-compatible robotic system for MRI-guided prostate intervention. Ieee/asme Transactions on Mechatronics, 18, 1, 273-284. View

Model 057 Interventional 3D Abdominal Phantom

Sato I, Nakamura R, Masamune K. MRI compatible manipulator with MRI-guided needle insertion support system. In: Nagoya, Japan; 2010:77-82. View

Das M, Sauer F, Schoepf JJ, et al. Augmented reality visualization for CT-guided interventions: system description, feasibility, and initial evaluation in an abdominal phantom. Radiology. 2006; 240(1):230-235. View 

Cleary, Kevin R. Periscopic Spine Surgery. Tech. no. W81XWH-04-1-0078. US Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Fort Detrick, Maryland, Jan. 2007. Web. View

Zhang, Hui, Filip Banovac, Amy White, and Kevin Cleary. 3D Freehand Ultrasound Calibration Using an Electromagnetically Tracked Needle. Imaging Science and Information Systems Center. Department of Radiology, Georgetown University Medical Center. View

Kroes MW, Busser WM, Fütterer JJ, et al. Assessment of Needle Guidance Devices for Their Potential to Reduce Fluoroscopy Time and Operator Hand Dose during C-Arm Cone-Beam Computed Tomography-guided Needle Interventions. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2013;24(6):901-6. View

Toshikuni N, Shiroeda H, Ozaki K, et al. Advanced ultrasonography technologies to assess the effects of radiofrequency ablation on hepatocellular carcinoma. Radiology and Oncology. 2013;:1-6. View

Thapa, Bishnu Bahadur, "DEVELOPMENT OF A PATIENT SPECIFIC IMAGE PLANNING SYSTEM FOR RADIATION THERAPY" (2013).Theses and Dissertations--Physics and Astronomy.Paper 11. View

Model 071 Image-Guided Abdominal Biopsy Phantom

Thapa, Bishnu Bahadur, "DEVELOPMENT OF A PATIENT SPECIFIC IMAGE PLANNING SYSTEM FOR RADIATION THERAPY" (2013).Theses and Dissertations--Physics and Astronomy.Paper 11. View

Custom Phantoms

Multi-Modality Pelvic Phantom (Model 048)

Mizowaki T, Cohen GN, Fung AYC, Zaider M. Towards integrating functional imaging in the treatment of prostate cancer with radiation: the registration of the MR spectroscopy imaging to ultrasound/CT images and its implementation in treatment planning. International Journal of Radiation OncologyBiologyPhysics. 2002; 54(5):1558-1564. View

Amalou H, Hoang A, Xu S, et al. Prostate cancer laser ablation with MRI or ultrasound guidance. Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology. 2013;24(4):S99-. View

Multi-Modality Homogeneous Prostate Phantom

Burtnyk, M., N'Djin, W. A., Kobelevskiy, I., Bronskill, M., & Chopra, R. (January 01, 2010). 3D conformal MRI-controlled transurethral ultrasound prostate therapy: validation of numerical simulations and demonstration in tissue-mimicking gel phantoms. Physics in Medicine and Biology, 55, 22, 6817-39. View