Publication References

CT / X-Ray & Radiation Therapy

Model 002 IMRT Phantoms

Crocker JK, Ng JA, Keall PJ, Booth JT. Measurement of patient imaging dose for real-time kilovoltage x-ray intrafraction tumour position monitoring in prostate patients Physics in Medicine and Biology. 2012; 57(10):2969-2980 View

Wertz H, Jahnke L, Schneider F, Polednik M, et al. A novel lateral disequilibrium inclusive (LDI) pencil-beam based dose calculation algorithm: Evaluation in inhomogeneous phantoms and comparison with Monte Carlo calculations. Medical Physics. 2011; 38(3):1627-1634. View

Aljarrah K, Pawlicki T, Tyagi N, B. Jiang S. Evaluation of IMRT QA Point Measurement Rocesses Using a Commercial Heterogeneous Phantom. Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy. 2010; 2(03):063-069. View 

Schiefer H, Fogliata A, Nicolini G, et al. The Swiss IMRT dosimetry intercomparison using a thorax phantom. Medical Physics. 2010;37(8):4424-4431. View

Altman MB, Vesper BJ, Smith BD, et al. Characterization of a novel phantom for three-dimensional in vitro cell experiments. Physics in Medicine and Biology. 2009; 54(5):N75-N82. View

Schiefer H, Nicolini G, Fogliata A, Seelentag WW, Fix MK. The first national IMRT dosimetry inter comparison in Switzerland using a thorax phantom with inhomogeneities Dössel O, Schlegel WC, eds. 2009; 25/1:93-96. View

Abomadvan A, Polednik M, Rahn A, et al. Improving dose homogeneity in large breasts by IMRT – efficacy and dosimetric accuracy of different techniques. European Journal of Cancer Supplements. 2008; 6(7):143-143. View

Bragg CM, Wingate K, Conway J. Clinical implications of the anisotropic analytical algorithm for IMRT treatment planning and verification. Radiotherapy and Oncology. 2008; 86(2):276-284. View

Brunckhorst E, Gershkevitsh E, Ibbott G, et al. Commissioning of Radiotherapy Treatment Planning Systems: Testing for Typical External Beam Treatment Techniques. IAEA. 2008; 1583:1-67. View

Gershkevitsh E, Schmidt R, Velez G, et al. Dosimetric verification of radiotherapy treatment planning systems: Results of IAEA pilot study. Radiotherapy and Oncology. 2008; 89(3):338-346. View

Luo W, Yoo S, Wu Q, Wang Z, Yin F-FF. Analysis of image quality for real-time target tracking using simultaneous kV-MV imaging. Medical Physics. 2008; 35(12):5501-5509. View

Vatnitsky S. Commissioning of Radiotherapy Treatment Planning Systems: Testing for Typical External Beam Treatment Techniques : Report of the Coordinated Research Project on Development of Procedures for Quality Assurance of Dosimetry Calculations in Radiotherapy. International Atomic Energy Agency, 2008; IAEA-TECDOC-1583:1-67. View

Zhao Y-LL, Mackenzie M, Kirkby C, Fallone B. Monte Carlo evaluation of a treatment planning system for helical tomotherapy in an anthropomorphic heterogeneous phantom and for clinical treatment plans. Medical Physics. 2008; 35(12):5366-5374. View

Polednik M, Madyan YA, Schneider F, et al. Evaluation of calculation algorithms implemented in different commercial planning systems on an anthropomorphic breast phantom using film dosimetry. Strahlentherapie und Onkologie : Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et al]. 2007; 183(12):667-672. View

Altman M, Chmura S, Smith B, et al. SU-FF-T-40: A Novel Phantom for Use in 3-Dimensional in Vitro Cell Experiments. Medical Physics. 2006; 33(6). View

Dobler B, Walter C, Knopf A, et al. Optimization of extracranial stereotactic radiation therapy of small lung lesions using accurate dose calculation algorithms. Radiation Oncology. 2006; 1(1). View

Nakonechny KD, Fallone BG, Rathee S. Novel methods of measuring single scan dose profiles and cumulative dose in CT. Medical Physics. 2005; 32(1). View

Wertz, H., Stsepankou, D., Blessing, M, et al. Fast kilovoltage/ megavolates (kVMV) breathhold cone-beam CT for image guided radiotherapy of lung cancer. Phys. Med Biol. 55 (2010) 4203-4217. View

Lamb, Gillian. Implementation of volumetric arc therapy for head and neck cancer. RAD Magazine. 37(48); 33-34. View

Liang Y, Kim GY, Pawlicki T, Mundt AJ, Mell LK. Feasibility study on dosimetry verification of volumetric-modulated arc therapy-based total marrow irradiation. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2013;14(2):3852. View

Lehmann J, Kenny J, Lye J, Kron T, Williams I. Radiation Therapists and Level III audits by the Australian Clinical Dosimetry Service. Spectrum (Nov 2012): 14-17. View

Zhang A, Wen N, Nurushev T, Burmeister J, Chetty IJ. Comprehensive evaluation and clinical implementation of commercially available Monte Carlo dose calculation algorithm. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2013;14(2):4062. View

Nodehi MR, Mahdavi S, Gholami S, Khosravi H, Asnaashari K. Dosimetric comparison of different inhomogeneity correction algorithms for external photon beam dose calculations. J Med Phys. 2013;38(2):74-81. View

Feygelman V, Stambaugh C, Zhang G, et al. Motion as a perturbation: measurement-guided dose estimates to moving patient voxels during modulated arc deliveries. Med Phys. 2013;40(2):021708. View

Bedford JL, Childs PJ, Nordmark hansen V, Mosleh-shirazi MA, Verhaegen F, Warrington AP. Commissioning and quality assurance of the Pinnacle(3) radiotherapy treatment planning system for external beam photons. Br J Radiol. 2003;76(903):163-76. View

Lopes MC, Cavaco A, Jacob K, et al. Treatment planning systems dosimetry auditing project in Portugal. Phys Med. 2013. View

Park H, Suh T, Park J, et al. Verification of the grid size and angular increment effects in lung stereotactic body radiation therapy using the dynamic conformal arc technique. Journal of the Korean Physical Society. 2013;62(11):1672-1677. View

Stevens SW, Rosser KE, Bedford JL. A 4 MV flattening filter-free beam: commissioning and application to conformal therapy and volumetric modulated arc therapy. Phys Med Biol. 2011;56(13):3809-24. View

Schombourg K, Bochud FO, Mirimanoff RO, Moeckli R. 3D dose reconstruction for narrow beams using ion chamber array measurements. Z Med Phys. 2012;22(2):123-32. View

Lehmann J, Dunn L, Lye JE, et al. Angular dependence of the response of the nanoDot OSLD system for measurements at depth in clinical megavoltage beams. Med Phys. 2014;41(6):061712. View

Hansen DC, Seco J, Sørensen TS, et al. A simulation study on proton computed tomography (CT) stopping power accuracy using dual energy CT scans as benchmark. Acta Oncol. 2015;:1-5. View

Subramanian SV, Subramani V, Thirumalai swamy S, Gandhi A, Chilukuri S, Kathirvel M. Is 5 mm MMLC suitable for VMAT-based lung SBRT? A dosimetric comparison with 2.5 mm HDMLC using RTOG-0813 treatment planning criteria for both conventional and high-dose flattening filter-free photon beams. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2015;16(4):5415. View

Wallace D, Ng JA, Keall PJ, et al. Determining appropriate imaging parameters for kilovoltage intrafraction monitoring: an experimental phantom study. Phys Med Biol. 2015;60(12):4835-47. View

Alnaghy, S., Deshpande, S., Cutajar, D., Berk, K., Metcalfe, P., & Rosenfeld, A. (2015). In vivo endorectal dosimetry of prostate tomotherapy using dual MOSkin detectors. Journal Of Applied Clinical Medical Physics, 16(3). doi:10.1120/jacmp.v16i3.5113. View

Hrbacek J, Lang S, Graydon SN, Klöck S, Riesterer O. Dosimetric comparison of flattened and unflattened beams for stereotactic ablative radiotherapy of stage I non-small cell lung cancer. Med Phys. 2014;41(3):031709. View

Chen Huixiao, Lohr, Frank, Fritz, Peter, Wenz, Frederik, Dobler, Barbara, Lorenz, Friedlieb, & Muehlnickel, Werner (Nov 2010). Stereotactic, Single-Dose Irradiation of Lung Tumors: A Comparison of Absolute Dose and Dose Distribution Between Pencil Beam and Monte Carlo Algorithms Based on Actual Patient CT Scans. International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology and Physics, 78(3), 955-963. doi:101016/jijrobp200908012 View

Fleckenstein J, Jahnke L, Lohr F, Wenz F, Hesser J. Development of a Geant4 based Monte Carlo Algorithm to evaluate the MONACO VMAT treatment accuracy. Z Med Phys. 2013;23(1):33-45. View

Blessing M, Stsepankou D, Wertz H, et al. Breath-hold target localization with simultaneous kilovoltage/megavoltage cone-beam computed tomography and fast reconstruction. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2010;78(4):1219-26. View

Boggula R, Lorenz F, Abo-madyan Y, et al. A new strategy for online adaptive prostate radiotherapy based on cone-beam CT. Z Med Phys. 2009;19(4):264-76. View

Abo-madyan Y, Polednik M, Rahn A, et al. Improving dose homogeneity in large breasts by IMRT: efficacy and dosimetric accuracy of different techniques. Strahlenther Onkol. 2008;184(2):86-92. View

Polednik M, Abo madyan Y, Schneider F, et al. Evaluation of calculation algorithms implemented in different commercial planning systems on an anthropomorphic breast phantom using film dosimetry. Strahlenther Onkol. 2007;183(12):667-72. View

Khosravi H, Hashemi B, Mahdavi SR, Hejazi P. Effect of Gold Nanoparticles on Prostate Dose Distribution under Ir-192 Internal and 18 MV External Radiotherapy Procedures Using Gel Dosimetry and Monte Carlo Method. J Biomed Phys Eng. 2015;5(1):3-14. View

Byrne, M., Y. Hu, and B. Archibald-Heeran. "Evaluation of RayStation Robust Optimisation for Superficial Target Coverage with Setup Variation in Breast IMRT." Australas Phys Eng Sci Med, 31 Aug. 2016. Web. View

Santoso, A., K. Song, Y. Qin, et al. "Evaluation of Gantry Speed on Image Quality and Imaging Dose for 4D Cone-beam CT Acquisition." Radiation Oncology, 2016. Web. View 

Landry, G., M. Gaudreault, W. V. Elmpt, J. E. Wildberger, and F. Verhaegen. "Improved Dose Calculation Accuracy for Low Energy Brachytherapy by Optimizing Dual Energy CT Imaging Protocols for Noise Reduction Using Sinogram Affirmed Iterative Reconstruction." Elsevier, 2015. Web. View

Almeida, I., L. Schyns, M. Ollers, et al. "Dual Energy CT Quantitative Imaging: A Comparison Study between Twin-Beam and Dual-Source CT Scanners." Medical Physics, 2016. Web. View

Nakamura S, Okamoto H, Wakita A, et al. A management method for the statistical results of patient-specific quality assurance for intensity-modulated radiation therapy. J Radiat Res. 2016; View

Josipovic, M., G. Persson, J. Bangsgaard, L. Specht, and M. Aznar. "Deep Inspiration Breath-hold Radiotherapy for Lung Cancer: Impact on Image Quality and Registration Uncertainty in Cone Beam CT Image Guidance." British Institute of Radiology, 2016. Web. View

Jong, WL, NM Ung, and A. Vannyat. "“Edge-on” MOSkin Detector for Stereotactic Beam Measurement and Verification." Elsevier, 2017. Web. View

Model 004 CT Simulator For Bone Mineral Analysis

Goodsitt MM, Christodoulou EG, Larson SC. Accuracies of the synthesized monochromatic CT numbers and effective atomic numbers obtained with a rapid kVp switching dual energy CT scanner. Medical Physics. 2011; 38(4):2222-2232. View

Cossmann P, Stuessi A, von Briel C. SU-GG-T-536 Characterisation of a Linac Cone-Beam-CT Option: What Is the Future Potential for Treatment Planning? Medical Physics. 2008; 35(6). View

Lampmann LEH, Duursma SA, Ruys JHJ. CT densitometry in osteoporosis: the impact on management of the patient. Boston: M. Nijhoff. 1984

Levi C, Gray JE, McCullough EC, Hattery RR. The unreliability of CT numbers as absolute values. American Journal of Roentgenology. 1982; 139(3):443-47. View

Cann CE, Genant HK. Precise measurement of vertebral mineral content using computed tomography. Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography. 1980; 4(4):493-500. View

Model 007 CT Dose Phantom

Comprehensive methodology for the evaluation of radiation dose in x-ray computed tomography. Report of AAPM Task Group 111: The Future of CT Dosimetry. American Association of Physicists in Medicine. 2010. View

Hubert-Tremblay V, Archambault L, Beaulieu L, Roy R. SU-FF-T-275: Octree Based Compression Method of DICOM Images for Voxel Number Reduction and Faster Monte Carlo Simulations. Medical Physics. 2005; 32(6). View

Kim S, Yoshizumi TT, Yin FF, Chetty IJ. Spiral computed tomography phase-space source model in the BEAMnrc/EGSnrc Monte Carlo system: implementation and validation. Phys Med Biol. 2013;58(8):2609-24. View

Model 007TE Tissue Equivalent CT Dose Phantoms

Size-Specific Dose Estimates (SSDE) in Pediatric and Adult Body CT Examinations. Report of AAPM Task Group 204. American Association of Physicists in Medicine. 2011. View

Wang J, Christner JA, Duan X, Leng S, Yu L, Mccollough CH. Attenuation-based estimation of patient size for the purpose of size specific dose estimation in CT. Part II. Implementation on abdomen and thorax phantoms using cross sectional CT images and scanned projection radiograph images. Med Phys. 2012;39(11):6772-8. View

Matsubara, Kosuke, Kichiro Koshida, Pei-Jan Paul Lin, and Atsushi Fukuda. "Operating Characteristics of Tube-current-modulation Techniques When Scanning Simple-shaped Phantoms." Journal of the Korean Physical Society 67.1 (2015): 82-88. View

Yu Z, Leng S, Jorgensen SM, et al. Initial results from a prototype whole-body photon-counting computed tomography system. Proc SPIE Int Soc Opt Eng. 2015;9412:94120W. View

Yu Z, Leng S, Jorgensen SM, et al. Evaluation of conventional imaging performance in a research whole-body CT system with a photon-counting detector array. Phys Med Biol. 2016;61(4):1572-95. View

Macdougall RD, Kleinman PL, Callahan MJ. Size-based protocol optimization using automatic tube current modulation and automatic kV selection in computed tomography. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2016;17(1):5756. View


Page L, Wei W, Kundra V, Rong J. Dose reduction in CT urography and vasculature phantom studies using model-based iterative reconstruction. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2016;17(6):6184. View

Model 008A Dynamic Thorax Phantom

Turner K, Cai J, Yin F, Zhang Y, et al. SU-E-J-209 A Simple Method to Minimize Uncertainty in ITV Delineation: Phantom Verification. AAPM 2012 Poster. View

Boda-Heggemann J, Fleckenstein J, Lohr F, et al. Multiple Breath-Hold Cbct for Online Image Guided Radiotherapy of Lung Tumors: Simulation with a Dynamic Phantom and First Patient Data." Radiotherapy and Oncology. 2011; 98(3):309-316. View

Masset H, Dumas JL, Gschwind R, Gavignet E, Makovicka L, Bosset JF. [Dosimetric impact of the 2D motion of a platform simulating breathing during a dynamic mode treatment]. Cancer Radiother. 2009; 13(2):108-13. View

Park S-J, Ionascu D, Killoran J, et al. Evaluation of the combined effects of target size, respiratory motion and background activity on 3D and 4D PET/CT images. Physics in Medicine and Biology. 2008; 53(13):3661-3679. View 

Sakhalkar HS, Oldham M. Fast, high-resolution 3D dosimetry utilizing a novel optical-CT scanner incorporating tertiary telecentric collimation. Medical Physics. 2008; 35(1). View

Munoz C, Hevezi J, Mira J. Evaluation of Positional Accuracy in Moving Tumors Using a CIRS Dynamic Phantom.  Poster presented at Cyberknife User’s Meeting, 2007. View

Tanyi JA, Fuss M, Varchena V, Lancaster JL, Salter BJ. Phantom investigation of 3D motion-dependent volume aliasing during CT simulation for radiation therapy planning. Radiation Oncology. 2007; 2. View

Wang Z, Wu QJ, Marks LB, Larrier N, Yin F-F. Cone-Beam CT Localization of Internal Target Volumes for Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy of Lung Lesions. International Journal of Radiation OncologyBiologyPhysics. 2007; 69(5):1618-1624. View

Munoz C. Method to Validate the Dosimetric Accuracy of Synchrony Using a CIRS Dynamic Phantom.  Powerpoint presented at Cyberknife User’s Meeting. View

Chuang C, Verhey L, MA L. SU-FF-T-429: The Use of a New Dynamic Motion Phantom for Patient Specific QA in Tracking Therapy. Medical Physics. 2006; 33(6). View 

Keall PJ, Mageras GS, Balter JM, et al. The management of respiratory motion in radiation oncology report of AAPM Task Group 76. Medical Physics. 2006; 33(10). View 

Tanyi, JA, et al. Phantom Investigation of Three-Dimensional Motion Dependent Volume Aliasing During CT Simulation for Radiation Therapy Planning. Poster presented at annual AAPM meeting, Orlando FL, 2006. View 

Tanyi, JA. Phantom Investigation of Three-Dimensional, Motion-Induced Dose Discrepancy During Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy Dose Delivery. Poster presented at annual AAPM meeting, Orlando FL, 2006. View 

Wang Z, Yin F, Yoo S, et al. SU-EE-A1-04: Verifying Internal Target Volume Using Cone-Beam CT for Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy Treatment. Medical Physics. 2006; 33(6). View 

Varchena V, Tanyi J, Salter B. 70 A novel Dynamic Thorax phantom for 3D-CRT and IMRT of lung lesions. Radiotherapy and Oncology. 2005; 76:S42-S43. View

Tanyi JA, Rassiah P, Cheng C, et al. Dosimetric Evaluation of Target Dose in Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT) of Lung Lesions Using aDynamic Motion Anthropomorphic Phantom. 2004. View 

Chan MK, Kwong DL, Ng SC, Tong AS, Tam EK. Accuracy and sensitivity of four-dimensional dose calculation to systematic motion variability in stereotatic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for lung cancer. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2012;13(6):3992. View 

Gao H, Li R, Lin Y, Xing L. 4D cone beam CT via spatiotemporal tensor framelet. Med Phys. 2012;39(11):6943-6. View 

Choi K, Xing L, Koong A, Li R. First study of on-treatment volumetric imaging during respiratory gated VMAT. Med Phys. 2013;40(4):040701. View

Turner K. Investigation of Patient Positioning Accuracy in Lung Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy. Graduate Program in Medical Physics at Duke University. Thesis. 2013. View

Ionascu D, Park S, Killoran J, et al. SU-FF-I-100: Experimental Evaluation of Motion Effects by Integration of the 4DCT/4DPET Hybrid GE Discovery VCT Scanner with the CIRS Dynamic Lung Phantom. Med. Phys. 2007;34(6):2361. View

Ionascu D, Tyagi N, Yang K. WE-E-BRB-04: VMAT Dynamic QA for Moving Lung Tumors. Med. Phys. 2011;38(6):3816. View

Vergalasova I, Maurer J, Yin FF. Potential underestimation of the internal target volume (ITV) from free-breathing CBCT. Med Phys. 2011;38(8):4689-99. View

Chamberland M, Wassenaar R, Spencer B, Xu T. Performance evaluation of real-time motion tracking using positron emission fiducial markers. Med Phys. 2011;38(2):810-9. View

Zhuang L, Yan D, Liang J, et al. Evaluation of image guided motion management methods in lung cancer radiotherapy. Med Phys. 2014;41(3):031911. View

Zhang Y, Yin FF, Pan T, Vergalasova I, Ren L. Preliminary clinical evaluation of a 4D-CBCT estimation technique using prior information and limited-angle projections. Radiother Oncol. 2015;115(1):22-9. View

Zhang, You. "Optimization of Image Guided Radiation Therapy for Lung Cancer Using Limited-angle Projections." Diss. Duke U, 2015. Web. View

Goossens S, Descampe A, Orban de xivry J, et al. Impact of motion induced artifacts on automatic registration of lung tumors in Tomotherapy. Phys Med. 2015. View

Foster, W., Osei, E., & Barnett, R. (2015). Margin selection to compensate for loss of target dose coverage due to target motion during external-beam radiation therapy of the lung. Journal Of Applied Clinical Medical Physics, 16(1). View

Inoue, M., Shiomi, H., Iwata, H., Taguchi, J., Okawa, K., Kikuchi, C., Inada, K., Iwabuchi, M., Murai, T., Koike, I., Tatewaki, K., Ohta, S., & Inoue, T. (2015). Development of system using beam’s eye view images to measure respiratory motion tracking errors in image-guided robotic radiosurgery system. Journal Of Applied Clinical Medical Physics, 16(1). View

Lu B, Samant S, Mittauer K, et al. A further investigation of the centroid-to-centroid method for stereotactic lung radiotherapy: a phantom study. Med Phys. 2013;40(10):101704. View

Mukumoto N, Nakamura M, Sawada A, et al. Accuracy verification of infrared marker-based dynamic tumor-tracking irradiation using the gimbaled x-ray head of the Vero4DRT (MHI-TM2000). Med Phys. 2013;40(4):041706. View

Yoganathan SA, Maria das KJ, Mohamed ali S, Agarwal A, Mishra SP, Kumar S. Evaluating the four-dimensional cone beam computed tomography with varying gantry rotation speed. Br J Radiol. 2016;89(1060):20150870. View

Heinz C, Reiner M, Belka C, Walter F, Söhn M. Technical evaluation of different respiratory monitoring systems used for 4D CT acquisition under free breathing. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2015;16(2):4917. View

Fukumitsu N, Numajiri H, Ohnishi K, et al. Prediction error and required internal margin provided for irregular respiratory movements: a phantom study. Jpn J Radiol. 2015;33(6):303-10. View

F. Tahavori ; E. Adams ; M. Dabbs ; L. Aldridge ; N. Liversidge, et al.
" Combining marker-less patient setup and respiratory motion monitoring using low cost 3D camera technology ", Proc. SPIE 9415, Medical Imaging 2015: Image-Guided Procedures, Robotic Interventions, and Modeling, 94152I (March 18, 2015); doi:10.1117/12.2082726. View

Caballero Pinelo R, Alfonso R, González Pérez Y, García AA, Rubio A. Moving stereotactic fiducial system to obtain a respiratory signal: proof of principle. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2016;17(1):5633. View

Lambrecht, M., C. Melidis, J.J. Sonke, S. Adebahr, R. Boellaard, M. Verheji, M. Guckenberger, U. Nestle, and C. Hurkmans. "Lungtech, a Phase II EORTC Trial of SBRT for Centrally Located Lung Tumours – a Clinical Physics Perspective."Radiation Oncology. BioMed Central, 20 Jan. 2016. Web. View

Thiyagarajan, R., S.N. Sinha, R. Ravichandran, et al. "Respiratory Gated Radiotherapy-pretreatment Patient Specific Quality Assurance." Journal of Medical Physics, 23 Feb. 2016. Web. View

Cui Y, Bowsher J, Cai J, Yin FF, Impact of moving target on measurement accuracy in 3D and 4D PET imaging – a phantom study, Advances in Radiation Oncology (2017), doi: 10.1016/j.adro.2016.12.002. View

Rooijen, DC V. "Improving Radiation Dose Delivery for Moving Targets Using Image Guidance." UVA-DARE. N.p., 2012. Web. View

Thengumpallil S, Smith K, Monnin P, Bourhis J, Bochud F, Moeckli R. Difference in performance between 3D and 4D CBCT for lung imaging: a dose and image quality analysis. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2016;17(6):6459. View


Model 008P Dynamic Pelvis Phantom

Crijns, Wouter and Defraene, Gilles and Van Herck, Hans and Depuydt, Tom and Haustermans, Karin and Maes, Frederik and Van den Heuvel, Frank. Potential benefits of dosimetric VMAT tracking verified with 3D film measurements. Medical Physics, 43, 2162-2173 (2016), DOI: View

Model 008PL Dynamic Platform

Yoon, Mee Sun, Yong-Hyeob Kim, Jae-Uk Jeong, Taek-Keun Nam, Sung-Ja Ahn, Woong-Ki Chung, and Ju-Young Song. "Dosimetric Analysis of Respiratory-Gated RapidArc with Varying Gating Window Times."Progress in Medical Physics Prog Med Phys 26.2 (2015): 87. Web. View

Yoon, MS, JU Jeong, and TK Nam. "Evaluation of Dose Distribution in Intensity Modulated Radiosurgery for Lung Cancer under Condition of Respiratory Motion." Plos One, 2016. Web. View

Model 009 Cube Phantom

Heaton R, Ramaseshan R, Zhang T, Norrlinger B, et al. PO-T-97 Dosimetric Evaluation of Plastic Water-Diagnostic-Therapy (PWDT) Phantom Material. AAPM Annual Meeting. 2003. View

Opp D, Forster K, Feygelman V. Commissioning compensator-based IMRT on the Pinnacle treatment planning system. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2011;12(2):3396. View

Kozelka J, Robinson J, Nelms B, Zhang G, Savitskij D, Feygelman V. Optimizing the accuracy of a helical diode array dosimeter: a comprehensive calibration methodology coupled with a novel virtual inclinometer. Med Phys. 2011;38(9):5021-32. View

Ahmed S, Nelms B, Kozelka J, Zhang G, Moros E, Feygelman V. Validation of an improved helical diode array and dose reconstruction software using TG-244 datasets and stringent dose comparison criteria. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2016;17(6):6414. View

Model 026 DEXA Phantom

Jackson SA, Miller CG. Choice of Cross-Calibration Phantom for DXA of the Lumbar Spine and Total Hip. ASBMR. 2003. View

Pearson D, Cawte SA, Green DJ. A comparison of phantoms for cross-calibration of lumbar spine DXA. Osteoporosis International. 2002; 13 (12):948-54. View

Jackson SA, Miller CG. Bio-Imaging Technologies Inc. Newtown PA, USA. and the CaMos Research GroupChoice of Cross-Calibration Phantom for DXA of the Lumbar Spine and Total Hip. View

Model 061 Spiral/Helical CT Phantom

Hugo GD, Agazaryan N, Solberg TD. The effects of tumor motion on planning and delivery of respiratory-gated IMRT. Medical Physics. 2003; 30(6). View

Model 062M Electron Density Phantom

Beardmore AB, Rosen II, Cheek DA, Fields RS, Hogstrom KR. Evaluation of MVCT images with skin collimation for electron beam treatment planning. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2008; 9(3):2773. View

Mehran Y, Beaulieu L. Metal artifact reduction in helical CT for radiation therapy treatment planning. 2004; 50(4):139-140. View

Pemler P, Schneider U, Besserer J. Evaluation of the electron density phantom CIRS Model 62. Zeitschrift fur medizinische Physik. 2001; 11(1):25-32. View

Hubbell JH. Photon Mass Attenuation and Energy-Absorption Coefficients from 1 keV to 20 MeV. International Journal Applied Radiation Isotopes. 1982; 33:1269-1290.

Judy PF, Adler GJ. Comparison of equivalent photon energy calibration methods in computed tomography. Medical Physics. 1980; 7:685-691. View

Millner MR, Payne WH, Waggener RG, McDavid WD, et al. Determination of effective energies in CT calibration. Medical Physics. 1978;  5(6):543-545. View

Tsukihara M, Noto Y, Hayakawa T, Saito M. Conversion of the energy-subtracted CT number to electron density based on a single linear relationship: an experimental verification using a clinical dual-source CT scanner. Phys Med Biol. 2013;58(9):N135-44. View

Jeong H, Lee SB, Yoo SH, et al. Compensation method for respiratory motion in proton treatment planning for mobile liver cancer. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2013;14(2):4055. View

Tu S, Yang P, Hong J, Lo C. Quantitative dosimetric assessment for effect of gold nanoparticles as contrast media on radiotherapy planning. Radiation Physics and Chemistry. 2013;88:14-20. View

Gleisner KS, Ljungberg M. Patient-specific whole-body attenuation correction maps from a CT system for conjugate-view-based activity quantification: method development and evaluation. Cancer Biother Radiopharm. 2012;27(10):652-64. View

Beltran, C. (January 01, 2012). Image quality of an investigational imaging panel for use with the imaging beam line cone-beam CT. Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics / American College of Medical Physics, 13, 1.) View

Annkah JK, Rosenberg I, Hindocha N, et al. Assessment of the dosimetric accuracies of CATPhan 504 and CIRS 062 using kV-CBCT for performing direct calculations. J Med Phys. 2014;39(3):133-41. View

Sheng K, Gou S, Wu J, Qi SX. Denoised and texture enhanced MVCT to improve soft tissue conspicuity. Med Phys. 2014;41(10):101916. View

Gayou O, Miften M. Commissioning and clinical implementation of a mega-voltage cone beam CT system for treatment localization. Med Phys. 2007;34(8):3183-92. View

Men, Kuo, Jian-Rong Dai, Ming-Hui Li, Xin-Yuan Chen, Ke Zhang, Yuan Tian, Peng Huang, and Ying-Jie Xu. "A Method to Improve Electron Density Measurement of Cone-Beam CT Using Dual Energy Technique."BioMed Research International 2015 (2015): 1-8. View

Higashigaito K, Angst F, Runge VM, Alkadhi H, Donati OF. Metal Artifact Reduction in Pelvic Computed Tomography With Hip Prostheses: Comparison of Virtual Monoenergetic Extrapolations From Dual-Energy Computed Tomography and an Iterative Metal Artifact Reduction Algorithm in a Phantom Study. Invest Radiol. 2015; View

Saito M. Technical Note: Relation between dual-energy subtraction of CT images for electron density calibration and virtual monochromatic imaging. Med Phys. 2015;42(7):4088. View

Tu, Shu-Ju, Pei-Ying Yang, and Ching-Jung Lo. "Effect of External Targeted Radiotherapy on Dosimetry Due to Rapid Clearance of Gold Nanoparticles." Journal of Medical and Biological Engineering (n.d.): n. pag. Web. 1 Oct. 2015. View

Ching-Jung Lo, Pei-Ying Yang, Tsi-Chian Chao, Shu-Ju Tu, Effect of contrast agent administration on consequences of dosimetry and biology in radiotherapy planning, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Volume 784, 1 June 2015, Pages 606-609, ISSN 0168-9002. View

Zhou JJ, Gonzalez A, Lenox MW, et al. Dosimetry of a (90)Y-hydroxide liquid brachytherapy treatment approach to canine osteosarcoma using PET/CT. Appl Radiat Isot. 2015;97:193-200. View

Collins fekete CA, Plamondon M, Martin AG, Vigneault É, Verhaegen F, Beaulieu L. Calcifications in low-dose rate prostate seed brachytherapy treatment: post-planning dosimetry and predictive factors. Radiother Oncol. 2015;114(3):339-44. View

Moores, Matthew T., Anthony N. Pettitt, and Kerrie Mengersen. Scalable Bayesian Inference for the Inverse Temperature of a Hidden Potts Model. N.p.: n.p., 2015. View

Y. Lu et al., "Bridge to real data: Empirical multiple material calibration for learning-based material decomposition," 2016 IEEE 13th International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI), Prague, Czech Republic, 2016, pp. 457-460.
doi: 10.1109/ISBI.2016.7493306. View

Fujii K, Nomura K, Muramatsu Y, Obara S, Akahane K, Kusumoto M. Organ Dose Evaluations Based on Monte Carlo Simulation for CT Examinations Using Tube Current Modulation. Radiation Protection Dosimetry. 2016; View

Garcia-Vazquez, V., E. Marinetto, P. Guerra, et al. "Assessment of Intraoperative 3D Imaging Alternatives for IOERT Dose Estimation." Elsevier, 23 Aug. 2016. Web. View

Bier B, Berger M, Maier A, et al. Scatter Correction Using a Primary Modulator on a Clinical Angiography C-arm CT System. Med Phys. 2017; View

Model 090 & Model 091 Micromouse and Water-Filled Mouse Phantoms

Anderson-Evans, Colin David. "Estimating Effective Dose from Phantom Dose Measurements in Atrial Fibrillation Ablation Procedures and Comparison of MOSFET and TLD Detectors in a Small Animal Dosimetry Setting." Thesis. Thesis / Dissertation ETD, 2011. Print. View

Kobayashi CA, Leite AL, Peres-buzalaf C, et al. Bone response to fluoride exposure is influenced by genetics. PLoS ONE. 2014;9(12):e114343. View

Ren L, Ghani MU, Wu D, et al. The impact of spectral filtration on image quality in micro-CT system. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2016;17(1):5714. View 

Model 600 3D Sectional Torso Phantom

Seppi EJ, Munro P, Johnsen SW, et al. Megavoltage cone-beam computed tomography using a high-efficiency image receptor. International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics. 2003; 55(3):793-803. View

Model 602 3D Torso Phantom

Oehler M, Bärbel K, Buzug TM. Institute for Medical Engineering. Computed Tomography: Metal-Artifact Reduction. View

Model 605 Radiosurgery Head Phantom

Ma L, Chuang C, Descovich M, Petti P, Smith V, Verhey L. Whole-procedure clinical accuracy of gamma knife treatments of large lesions. Medical Physics. 2008 Nov; 35(11):5110-4. View

Vinci JP, Hogstrom KR, Neck DW. Accuracy of cranial coplanar beam therapy using an oblique, stereoscopic x-ray image guidance system. Medical Physics. 2008; 35(8):3809-3819. View

Yu C, Main W, Taylor D, et al. An anthropomorphic phantom study of the accuracy of Cyberknife spinal radiosurgery. Neurosurgery. 2004; 55(5):1138-1149. View

Chang SD, Main W, Martin DP, Gibbs IC, Heilbrun PP. An analysis of the accuracy of the CyberKnife: a robotic frameless stereotactic radiosurgical system. Neurosurgery. 2003; 52(1). View

Ho A, Luxton G, Hai J, Martin D. Simplification to Verify Dose Delivery Accuracy Using TLD and a Head Phantom for the Cyberknife System (AbstractID: 8506). In: Palais des Congrès de Montréal: AAPM. View

Chang, Zheng, Zhiheng Wang, Jinli Ma, Jackie Wu, Ryan McMahon, John P. Kirkpatrick, and Fang-Fang Yin. "Six Degree-of-Freedom Image Guidance for Frameless Intracranial Stereotactic RadioSurgery with Kilo-voltage Cone- Beam CT." Journal of Nuclear Medicine & Radiation Therapy 1000101st ser. 1.1 (2010) View

Sonier, M. IMRT TREATMENT PLANNING FOR ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS: Patient stratification and dosimetric quality assurance. University of British Columbia. 2013. View

Sutton MW, Fontenot JD, Matthews KL, et al. Accuracy and precision of cone-beam computed tomography guided intensity modulated radiation therapy. Practical Radiation Oncology. 2013. View

Bräuer-krisch E, Adam JF, Alagoz E, et al. Medical physics aspects of the synchrotron radiation therapies: Microbeam radiation therapy (MRT) and synchrotron stereotactic radiotherapy (SSRT). Phys Med. 2015. View

Model 610 AAPM CT Performance Phantom

Newton, Ben, and Clemens Kaiser. X-RAY IMAGING AT LOW CONTRAST AGENT CONCENTRATIONS AND/OR LOW DOSE RADIATION. GE HEALTHCARE AS (OSLO, NO), assignee. Patent 20130116554. 9 May 2013. View

Model 701 - 706 ATOM® Dosimetry Verification Phantoms

Becker SJ, Elliston C, Dewyngaert K, Jozsef G, et al. Breast radiotherapy in the prone position primarily reduces the maximum out-of-field measured dose to the ipsilateral lung. Medical Physics. 2012; 39 (5): 2417-23. View

Zhu X, Cahill A M, Felice M, Johnson L, Sarmiento M. Developing Low-Dose C-Arm Ct Imaging for Temporomandibular Joint (tmj) Disorder in Interventional Radiology. Pediatric Radiology. 2010; 41.4:476-482. View

Howell RM, Scarboro SB, Kry S, Yaldo DZ. Accuracy of out-of-field dose calculations by a commercial treatment planning system. Physics in Medicine and Biology. 2010; 55(23):6999-7008. View 

Howell RM, Scarboro SB, Taddei PJ, et al. Methodology for determining doses to in-field, out-of-field and partially in-field organs for late effects studies in photon radiotherapy. Physics in Medicine and Biology. 2010; 55(23):7009-7023. View

Thornton RH, Dauer LT, Altamirano JP, et al. Comparing strategies for operator eye protection in the interventional radiology suite. Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology. 2010; 21(11):1703-1707. View

Miksys N, Gordon CL, Thomas K, Connolly BL. Estimating Effective Dose to Pediatric Patients Undergoing Interventional Radiology Procedures Using Anthropomorphic Phantoms and MOSFET Dosimeters. American Journal of Roentgenology. 2010; 194(5):1315-1322. View

Scarboro SB, Stovall M, White A, et al. Effect of organ size and position on out-of-field dose distributions during radiation therapy. Physics in Medicine and Biology. 2010; 55(23):7025-7036. View

Kim S, Yoshizumi TT, Frush DP, Toncheva G, Yin F-FF. Radiation dose from cone beam CT in a pediatric phantom: risk estimation of cancer incidence. American Journal of Roentgenology. 2010; 194(1):186-190. View

Jaffe TA, Neville AM, Anderson-Evans C, et al. Early First Trimester Fetal Dose Estimation Method in a Multivendor Study of 16- and 64-MDCT Scanners and Low-Dose Imaging Protocols. American Journal of Roentgenology. 2009; 193(4):1019-1024. View

Jaffe TA, Yoshizumi TT, Toncheva G, et al. Radiation Dose for Body CT Protocols: Variability of Scanners at One Institution. American Journal of Roentgenology. 2009; 193(4):1141-1147. View

Bastos M d'Almeida, Lee EY, Strauss KJ, et al. Motion Artifact on High-Resolution CT Images of Pediatric Patients: Comparison of Volumetric and Axial CT Methods. American Journal of Roentgenology. 2009; 193(5):1414-1418. View

McDermott A, White RA, Mc-Nitt-Gray M, Angel E, Cody D. Pediatric organ dose measurements in axial and helical multislice CT. Medical Physics. 2009; 36(5). View

Mazonakis M, Zacharopoulou F, Varveris H, Damilakis J. Peripheral dose measurements for 6 and 18 MV photon beams on a linear accelerator with multileaf collimator. Medical Physics. 2008; 35(10):4396-4403. View

Papadakis AE, Perisinakis K, Damilakis J. Automatic exposure control in pediatric and adult multidetector CT examinations: a phantom study on dose reduction and image quality. Medical Physics. 2008; 35(10):4567-4576. View

Coursey C, Frush DP, Yoshizumi T, et al. Pediatric Chest MDCT Using Tube Current Modulation: Effect on Radiation Dose with Breast Shielding. American Journal of Roentgenology. 2008; 190(1):W54-61. View

Hollingsworth CL, Yoshizumi TT, Frush DP, et al. Pediatric Cardiac-Gated CT Angiography: Assessment of Radiation Dose. American Journal of Roentgenology.2007; 189(1):12-18. View

Brenner DJ, McCollough CH, Orton CG. It is time to retire the computed tomography dose index (CTDI) for CT quality assurance and dose optimization. Medical Physics. 2006; 33(5). View

Damilakis J, Stratakis J, Raissaki M, et al. Normalized dose data for upper gastrointestinal tract contrast studies performed to infants. Medical Physics. 2006; 33(4). View

Hurwitz LM, Yoshizumi TT, Reiman RE, Paulson EK et al. Radiation Dose to the Female Breast from 16-MDCT Body Protocols. American Journal of Roentgenology. 2006; 186(6):1718-22. View

Jaffe TA, Gaca AM, Delaney S, Yoshizumi TT, et al. Radiation doses from small-bowel follow-through and abdominopelvic MDCT in Crohn's disease. American Journal of Roentgenology. 2007; 189 (5): 1015-22. View

Ranade M, Lynch B, Li J, Dempsey J. TH-E-224A-04: IMRT Film QA in a Heterogeneous Anthropomorphic Phantom. Medical Physics. 2006; 33(6). View

Hood C, Kron T, Hamilton C, et al. Correlation of 3D-planned and measured dosimetry of photon and electron craniospinal radiation in a pediatric anthropomorphic phantom. Radiotherapy and Oncology. 2005; 77(1):111-116. View

Kudchadker RJ, Chang EL, Bryan F, Maor MH, Famiglietti R. An evaluation of radiation exposure from portal films taken during definitive course of pediatric radiotherapy. International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics. 2004; 59(4):1229-1235. View

Fricke BL, Donnelly LF, Frush DP, et al. In-Plane Bismuth Breast Shields for Pediatric CT: Effects on Radiation Dose and Image Quality Using Experimental and Clinical Data. American Journal of Roentgenology. 2003; 180(2):407-411. View

Varchena V. Pediatric phantoms. Pediatric Radiology. 2002; 32(4):280-284. View

Zhou Y, Scott A. SU-E-I-09: Image Quality Evaluation on Reduced Doses in Brain CT Scans - Anthropomorphic Phantom Study Using Adaptive Statistical Iterative Reconstruction. Med. Phys. 2011;38(6):3397-. View

Dhabaan A, Schreibmann E, Siddiqi A, et al. Six degrees of freedom CBCT-based positioning for intracranial targets treated with frameless stereotactic radiosurgery. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2012;13(6):3916. View

Emigh B, Gordon CL, Connolly BL, Falkiner M, Thomas KE. Effective dose estimation for pediatric upper gastrointestinal examinations using an anthropomorphic phantom set and metal oxide semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET) technology. Pediatr Radiol. 2013. View

Martínez-rovira I, Sempau J, Prezado Y. Monte Carlo-based dose calculation engine for minibeam radiation therapy. Phys Med. 2013. View

Tootell AK, Szczepura KR, Hogg P. Optimising the number of thermoluminescent dosimeters required for the measurement of effective dose for computed tomography attenuation correction data in SPECT/CT myocardial perfusion imaging. Radiography. 2013;19(1):42-47. View

Zhang R, Howell RM, Giebeler A, Taddei PJ, Mahajan A, Newhauser WD. Comparison of risk of radiogenic second cancer following photon and proton craniospinal irradiation for a pediatric medulloblastoma patient. Phys Med Biol. 2013;58(4):807-23. View

Solomon JB, Li X, Samei E. Relating noise to image quality indicators in CT examinations with tube current modulation. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2013;200(3):592-600. View

Huang JY, Followill DS, Wang XA, Kry SF. Accuracy and sources of error of out-of field dose calculations by a commercial treatment planning system for intensity-modulated radiation therapy treatments. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2013;14(2):4139. View

Chan S, Ho Y, Tyan Y, Tsai H. Organ dose and scattering dose for CT coronary angiography and calcium scoring using automatic tube current modulation. Radiation Measurements. 2013. View

Wang AJ, Goldsmith ZG, Wang C, et al. Obesity triples the radiation dose of stone protocol computerized tomography. J Urol. 2013;189(6):2142-6. View


Johnston JH, Podberesky DJ, Yoshizumi TT, et al. Comparison of radiation dose estimates, image noise, and scan duration in pediatric body imaging for volumetric and helical modes on 320-detector CT and helical mode on 64-detector CT. Pediatr Radiol. 2013. View

Szczykutowicz TP, Mistretta CA. Design of a digital beam attenuation system for computed tomography. Part II. Performance study and initial results. Med Phys. 2013;40(2):021906. View

Lee YW, Yang CC, Mok GS, Wu TH. Infant cardiac CT angiography with 64-slice and 256-slice CT: comparison of radiation dose and image quality using a pediatric phantom. PLoS ONE. 2012;7(11):e49609. View

Astroza G, Neisius A, Wang AJ, et al. Radiation Exposure in the follow-up of patients with urolithiasis comparing Digital Tomosynthesis, Non-Contrast CT, Standard KUB and IVP. J Endourol. 2013. View

Neisius A, Wang AJ, Wang C, et al. Radiation Exposure in Urology - A Genitourinary Catalogue for diagnostic imaging. J Urol. 2013. View

Thapa, Bishnu Bahadur, "DEVELOPMENT OF A PATIENT SPECIFIC IMAGE PLANNING SYSTEM FOR RADIATION THERAPY" (2013).Theses and Dissertations--Physics and Astronomy.Paper 11. View

Anderson-Evans, Colin David. "Estimating Effective Dose from Phantom Dose Measurements in Atrial Fibrillation Ablation Procedures and Comparison of MOSFET and TLD Detectors in a Small Animal Dosimetry Setting." Thesis. Thesis / Dissertation ETD, 2011. Print. View

Lipkin ME, Wang AJ, Toncheva G, Ferrandino MN, Yoshizumi TT, Preminger GM. Determination of patient radiation dose during ureteroscopic treatment of urolithiasis using a validated model. J Urol. 2012;187(3):920-4. View

Fujii K, Akahane K, Miyazaki O, et al. Evaluation of organ doses in CT examinations with an infant anthropomorphic phantom. Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2011;147(1-2):151-5. View

Hranitzky, C., & Stadtmann, H. (January 01, 2011). Patient dosimetry study of a paediatric CT examination. Radiation Measurements, 46, 12, 2035-2038. View

Theodorakou, C., Walker, A., Horner, K., Pauwels, R., Bogaerts, R., Jacobs, R., & SEDENTEXCT Project Consortium. (January 01, 2012). Estimation of paediatric organ and effective doses from dental cone beam CT using anthropomorphic phantoms. The British Journal of Radiology, 85, 1010, 153-60. View

Govia, K., Connolly, B. L., Thomas, K. E., & Gordon, C. L. (April 01, 2012). Estimates of Effective Dose to Pediatric Patients Undergoing Enteric and Venous Access Procedures.Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, 23, 4, 443-450. View

Johnson JN, Hornik CP, Li JS, et al. Response to letters regarding article, "cumulative radiation exposure and cancer risk estimation in children with heart disease". Circulation. 2015;131(16):e419-20. View

Davis AT, Safi H, Maddison SM. The reduction of dose in paediatric panoramic radiography: the impact of collimator height and programme selection. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 2015;44(2):20140223. View

Beeksma B, Truant D, Holloway L, Arumugam S. An assessment of image distortion and CT number accuracy within a wide-bore CT extended field of view. Australas Phys Eng Sci Med. 2015; View

Januzis N, Nguyen G, Frush DP, Hoang JK, Lowry C, Yoshizumi TT. Feasibility of using the computed tomography dose indices to estimate radiation dose to partially and fully irradiated brains in pediatric neuroradiology examinations. Phys Med Biol. 2015;60(14):5699-710. View

Rehn, Emelie. "Modeling of Scatter Radiation during Interventional X-ray Procedures." Thesis. Linköping University, Sweden, 2015. View

Kaasalainen T, Palmu K, Lampinen A, et al. Limiting CT radiation dose in children with craniosynostosis: phantom study using model-based iterative reconstruction. Pediatr Radiol. 2015. View

Baskan, O., Erol, C., Ozbek, H., & Paksoy, Y. (2015). Effect of radiation dose reduction on image quality in adult head CT with noise-suppressing reconstruction system with a 256 slice MDCT. Journal Of Applied Clinical Medical Physics, 16(3). doi:10.1120/jacmp.v16i3.5360 View

Taddei PJ, Jalbout W, Howell RM, Khater N, Geara FB, Homann K, Newhauser WD.  Analytical model for out-of-field dose in photon craniospinal irradiation.  Phys. Med. Biol.  58, 7463-7479 (2013). View

Fisher, R., & Hintenlang, D. (2014). Super-size me: adipose tissue-equivalent additions for anthropomorphic phantoms. Journal Of Applied Clinical Medical Physics, 15(6). doi:10.1120/jacmp.v15i6.5007. View
Hidalgo A, Davies J, Horner K, Theodorakou C. Effectiveness of thyroid gland shielding in dental CBCT using a paediatric anthropomorphic phantom. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 2015;44(3):20140285. View
Januzis N, Nguyen G, Hoang JK, Lowry C, Yoshizumi TT. A novel method of estimating effective dose from the point dose method: a case study--parathyroid CT scans. Phys Med Biol. 2015;60(5):1763-73. View
Kataria B, Sandborg M, Althén JN. IMPLICATIONS OF PATIENT CENTRING ON ORGAN DOSE IN COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY. Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2016;:ncv527. View
Werncke T, Von falck C, Luepke M, Stamm G, Wacker FK, Meyer BC. Collimation and Image Quality of C-Arm Computed Tomography: Potential of Radiation Dose Reduction While Maintaining Equal Image Quality. Invest Radiol. 2015;50(8):514-21. View
John D. Thompson ; Dev P. Chakraborty ; Katy Szczepura ; Ioannis Vamvakas ; Andrew Tootell, et al.
" A phantom-based JAFROC observer study of two CT reconstruction methods: the search for optimisation of lesion detection and effective dose ", Proc. SPIE 9416, Medical Imaging 2015: Image Perception, Observer Performance, and Technology Assessment, 94160B (March 17, 2015); doi:10.1117/12.2081632; View
David A. P. Dunkerley ; Michael T. Tomkowiak ; Jordan M. Slagowski ; Bradley P. McCabe ; Tobias Funk, et al.
" Monte Carlo simulation of inverse geometry x-ray fluoroscopy using a modified MC-GPU framework ", Proc. SPIE 9412, Medical Imaging 2015: Physics of Medical Imaging, 94120S (March 18, 2015); doi:10.1117/12.2081684; View
Greffier, J., F. Macri, A. Larbi, A. Fernandez, E. Khasanova, F. Pereira, C. Mekkaoui, and J.P. Beregi. "Dose Reduction with Iterative Reconstruction: Optimization of CT Protocols in Clinical Practice." ScienceDirect. Elsevier, May 2015. Web. View
Mege JP, Wenzhao S, Veres A, Auzac G, Diallo I, Lefkopoulos D. Evaluation of MVCT imaging dose levels during helical IGRT: comparison between ion chamber, TLD, and EBT3 films. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2016;17(1):5774. View
Hill KD, Wang C, Einstein AJ, et al. Impact of imaging approach on radiation dose and associated cancer risk in children undergoing cardiac catheterization. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2016; View
Atsalaki, M., G. Solomou, A.E. Papadakis, and J. Damilakis. "Optimization of Head Radiographic Examination Protocols in Pediatric Patients." Elsevier, 26 Aug. 2016. Web. View
Tan SK, Yeong CH, Ng KH, Abdul aziz YF, Sun Z. Recent Update on Radiation Dose Assessment for the State-of-the-Art Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography Protocols. PLOS ONE. 2016;11(8):e0161543. View
Zhu, X., W.P. McCullough, P. Mecca, et al. "Dual-energy Compared to Single-energy CT in Pediatric Imaging: A Phantom Study for DECT Clinical Guidance." Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2016. Web. View
Tootell, A., M. McEntee, K. Szczepura, and P. Hogg. "Effective Dose and Effective Risk from Post–Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography Imaging of the Lumbar Spine." Elsevier, 2016. Web. View
Guberina, N., S. Suntharalingam, K. Naßenstein, et al. "Clinical Evaluation of a Dose Monitoring Software Tool Based on Monte Carlo Simulation in Assessment of Eye Lens Doses for Cranial CT Scans." Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2016. Web. View
Cheng CS, Jong WL, Ung NM, Wong J. Evaluation of Imaging Dose From Different Image Guided Systems During Head and Neck Radiotherapy: A Phantom Study. Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2016; View
Park SY, Choi CH, Park JM, Chun M, Han JH, Kim JI. A Patient-Specific Polylactic Acid Bolus Made by a 3D Printer for Breast Cancer Radiation Therapy. PLOS ONE. 2016;11(12):e0168063. View
Shin, R., F. Cabrera, G. Nguyen, et al. "Radiation Dosimetry for Ureteroscopy Patients: A Phantom Study Comparing the Standard and Obese Patient Models." Journal of Endourology, 2016. Web. View
Masuda, T., Y. Funama, M. Kiguchi, et el. "Radiation Dose Reduction Based on CNR Index with Low-tube Voltage Scan for Pediatric CT Scan: Experimental Study Using Anthropomorphic Phantoms." SpringerPlus, 2016. Web. View
Sookpeng, S., and C. Butdee. "Signal-to-noise Ratio and Dose to the Lens of the Eye for Computed Tomography Examination of the Brain Using an Automatic Tube Current Modulation System." Emergency Radiology, 2016. Web. View
Guberina, N., U. Lechel, M. Forsting, and A. Ringelstein. "Efficacy of High-pitch CT Protocols for Radiation Dose Reduction." IOP Publishing, 2016. Web. View
Pitteloud, M., A. Gamulin, C. Barea, et al. "Radiation Exposure Using the O-arm® Surgical Imaging System." European Spine Journal, 2016. Web. View
Thompson, JD, DP Chakraborty, K. Szczepura, et al. "Effect of Reconstruction Methods and X-ray Tube Current on Nodule Detection in an Anthropomorphic Thorax Phantom: A Crossed-modality JAFROC Observer Study." ResearchGate, 2016. Web. View

Model 711-HN Dental & Diagnostic Head Phantom

Albertini F, Casiraghi M, Lorentini S, et al. Experimental verification of IMPT treatment plans in an anthropomorphic phantom in the presence of delivery uncertainties. Physics in Medicine and Biology. 2011; 56:4415. View

England, G. M. "Effect of Scanning Conditions on Cone Beam Computed Tomography Gray Value." Ohio State University, 2016. Web. View

England, G., ES Moon, J. Roth, et al. "Conditions and Calibration to Obtain Comparable Gray Values between Different Clinical Cone Beam Computed Tomography Scanners." British Institute of Radiology, 2016. Web. View

Model 731-HN Proton Therapy Dosimetry Head Phantom

Albertini F, Casiraghi M, Lorentini S, Rombi B, Lomax AJ. Experimental verification of IMPT treatment plans in an anthropomorphic phantom in the presence of delivery uncertainties. Phys Med Biol. 2011;56(14):4415-31. 

Lorentini S, Menegotti L, Delana A, Schwarz M. PO-0873 DOSIMETRIC VERIFICATION OF IMRT PLANS WITH A CUSTOMIZED ANTHROPOMORPHIC PHANTOM. Radiotherapy and Oncology. 2012;103:S342. 


Huang JY, Kerns JR, Nute JL, et al. An evaluation of three commercially available metal artifact reduction methods for CT imaging. Phys Med Biol. 2015;60(3):1047-67. View

Model 801-P Virtually Human Male Pelvis Phantom

Sykes, J., et al., Evaluation Report X-Ray Tomographic Image Guided Radiotherapy Systems. Radiotherapy Physics Group Medical Physics and Engineering & Radiotherapy Department, Non-Surgical Oncology. NHS Centre for Evidence-based Purchasing (UK).CEP 10071: March 2010. View

Sykes, J., et al., Protocol: Technical evaluation of X-ray tomographic image-guided radiotherapy devices. Radiotherapy Physics Group Medical Physics and Engineering & Radiotherapy Department, Non-Surgical Oncology. NHS Centre for Evidence-based Purchasing (UK). CEP10071: March 2010. View

Schaly B, Varchena V, Au P, Pang G. Evaluation of an anthropomorphic male pelvic phantom for image-guided radiotherapy. Reports in Medical Imaging. 2009; 2:69-78. View

Schaly B, Varchena V, Au P, Pang G. Sci-Thur PM Therapy-05: Evaluation of male pelvic phantom for megavoltage cone-beam computed tomography. Medical Physics. 2006; 33(7). View 

Ouyang L, Song K, Solberg T, Wang J. A moving blocker system for cone-beam computed tomography scatter correction. Proc. SPIE 8668, Medical Imaging 2013: Physics of Medical Imaging, 86681P (March 6, 2013). View

Ouyang L, Lee HP, Wang J. A moving blocker-based strategy for simultaneous megavoltage and kilovoltage scatter correction in cone-beam computed tomography image acquired during volumetric modulated arc therapy. Radiother Oncol. 2015;115(3):425-30. View

Li H, Dolly S, Chen HC, et al. A comparative study based on image quality and clinical task performance for CT reconstruction algorithms in radiotherapy. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2016;17(4):5763. View

Plastic Water®

Demez N, Lee TK. Study on the compatibility of tissue equivalent phantoms for use in proton beam therapy QA. E-Poster Presentation, European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology (ESTRO 31) Barcelona, Spain, 2012. View

Guillot M, Beaulieu L, Archambault L, Gingras L, Beddar S. A New Water-Equivalent 2D Plastic Scintillation Detectors Array for the Dosimetry of Megavoltage Energy Photon Beams in Radiation Therapy. Medical Physics. 2011; 38(12):6763-6774. View

Xu L, McEwen M, Cojocaru C, Faddegon B. SU-FF-T-443: Measurement of Lateral Dose Distributions Using GafChromic EBT Films and PTW Starcheck 2-D Array. Medical Physics. 2009; 36(6). View

Beardmore AB, Rosen II, Cheek DA, Fields RS, Hogstrom KR. Evaluation of MVCT images with skin collimation for electron beam treatment planning. J Appl Clin Medical Physics. 2008; 9(3):2773. View

Lacroix F, Archambault L, Gingras L, et al. Clinical prototype of a plastic water-equivalent scintillating fiber dosimeter array for QA applications. Medical Physics. 2008; 35(8):3682-3690. View

Ramaseshan R, Kohli K, Cao F, Heaton R. A Dosimetric evaluation of Plastic Water-Diagnostic-Therapy (PWDT). Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics. 2008; 9(2). View

Carrasco P, Jornet N, Duch MA, et al. Comparison of dose calculation algorithms in slab phantoms with cortical bone equivalent heterogeneities. Medical Physics. 2007; 34(8):3323-3333. View

Goodsitt M, Chan H P, Way T W, et al. Accuracy of the Ct Numbers of Simulated Lung Nodules Imaged with Multi-Detector Ct Scanners. Medical Physics. 2006; 33(8):3006-3017. View

McEwen MR, Niven D. Characterization of the phantom material virtual water in high-energy photon and electron beams. Medical Physics. 2006; 33(4):876-87. View

Carrasco P, Jornet N, Duch MA, et al. Comparison of dose calculation algorithms in phantoms with lung equivalent heterogeneities under conditions of lateral electronic disequilibrium. Medical Physics. 2004; 31(10). View

Casar B, Zdesar U, & Robar V.  Evaluation of water equivalency of Plastic Water™ for high-energy electron beams using IAEA TRS-398 Code of Practice.  Radiology and Oncology. 2004; 38(1):55-60. View

Ramaseshan, R., Kohli, K., Cao, F., & Heaton, R. (2008). A Dosimetric evaluation of Plastic Water-Diagnostic-Therapy (PWDT). Journal Of Applied Clinical Medical Physics, 9(2). doi:10.1120/jacmp.v9i2.2761. View

Saitoh H, Tomaru T, Fujisaki, T, et al. A Study on Properties of Water Substitute Solid Phantom using EGS Code. In: Vol 2002. Japan; 2003; 55-63. View

Wallace RE. AbstractID: 8072 Title: Evaluated Phantom Material for 125I and 103Pd Dosimetry. AAPM Annual Meeting, Montreal, Canada. 2002 View

Watts RJ. Method to QA 3-D Treatment Planning Systems.  Presented at annual AAPM meeting, San Antonio TX, 2001; International Medical Physics Services; Poster# SU-FF-EXH C-48. View

Allahverdi M, Nisbet A, Thwaites DI. An evaluation of epoxy resin phantom materials for megavoltage photon dosimetry. Physics in Medicine and Biology. 1999; 44(5). View

Tello VM. How water equivalent are water-equivalent solid materials for output calibration of photon and electron beams? Medical Physics. 1995; 22(7). View

Tello, VM, Evaluation of Plastic Water (Cream Colored) for Absorbed Dose Calibration of Photon and Electron Beams. Presented at the AAPM Southwest Chapter Meeting, 1992. View

Berbeco RI, Korideck H, Ngwa W, et al. DNA damage enhancement from gold nanoparticles for clinical MV photon beams. Radiat Res. 2012;178(6):604-8. View

Robinson J, Opp D, Zhang G, Feygelman V. Evaluation of inhomogeneity correction factors for 6 MV flattening filter-free beams with brass compensators. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2013;14(3):3990. View

Wack L, Ngwa W, Tryggestad E, et al. High throughput film dosimetry in homogeneous and heterogeneous media for a small animal irradiator. Phys Med. 2013. View

Berbeco RI, Korideck H, Ngwa W, et al. DNA damage enhancement from gold nanoparticles for clinical MV photon beams. Radiat Res. 2012;178(6):604-8. View

Thapa, Bishnu Bahadur, "DEVELOPMENT OF A PATIENT SPECIFIC IMAGE PLANNING SYSTEM FOR RADIATION THERAPY" (2013).Theses and Dissertations--Physics and Astronomy.Paper 11. View

Opp D, Forster K, Feygelman V. Commissioning compensator-based IMRT on the Pinnacle treatment planning system. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2011;12(2):3396. View

Gossman MS, Das IJ, Sharma SC, Lopez JP, Howard CM, Claudio P. A novel phantom model for mouse tumor dose assessment under MV beams. Health Phys. 2011;101(6):746-53. View

Wilson JP, Mulligan K, Fan B, et al. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry-based body volume measurement for 4-compartment body composition. Am J Clin Nutr. 2012;95(1):25-31. View

Bing F, Doucet R, Lacroix F, et al. Liquid embolization material reduces the delivered radiation dose: clinical myth or reality?. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2012;33(2):320-2. View

Eaton, D. J., Best, B., Brew-Graves, C., Duck, S., Ghaus, T., Gonzalez, R., Pigott, K., ... Keshtgar, M. R. S. (April 01, 2012). In Vivo Dosimetry for Single-Fraction Targeted Intraoperative Radiotherapy (TARGIT) for Breast Cancer. International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics, 82, 5.) View

Sethi A, Chinsky B, Gros S, Diak A, Emami B, Small W Jr. Tissue inhomogeneity corrections in low-kV intra-operative radiotherapy (IORT). Transl Cancer Res 2015;4(2):182-188. doi: 10.3978/j.issn.2218-676X.2015.04.08 View

Candela-juan C, Vijande J, García-martínez T, et al. Comparison and uncertainty evaluation of different calibration protocols and ionization chambers for low-energy surface brachytherapy dosimetry. Med Phys. 2015;42(8):4954. View

López-tarjuelo J, Morillo-macías V, Bouché-babiloni A, Ferrer-albiach C, Santos-serra A. Defining Action Levels for In Vivo Dosimetry in Intraoperative Electron Radiotherapy. Technol Cancer Res Treat. 2015;:1533034615588196. View

Chamberland, E., Beaulieu, L., & Lachance, B. (2015). Evaluation of an electron Monte Carlo dose calculation algorithm for treatment planning. Journal Of Applied Clinical Medical Physics, 16(3). doi:10.1120/jacmp.v16i3.4636. View

Yeo, I., Teran, A., Ghebremedhin, A., Johnson, M., & Patyal, B. (2015). Radiographic film dosimetry of proton beams for depth-dose constancy check and beam profile measurement. Journal Of Applied Clinical Medical Physics, 16(3). doi:10.1120/jacmp.v16i3.5402. View

Chang, C., Poole, K., Teran, A., Luckman, S., & Mah, D. (2015). Three-dimensional gamma criterion for patient-specific quality assurance of spot scanning proton beams. Journal Of Applied Clinical Medical Physics, 16(5). doi:10.1120/jacmp.v16i5.5683. View

Louis-Philippe Gagnon, Sam Beddar, Luc Beaulieu, Characterization of a fiber-taper charge-coupled device system for plastic scintillation dosimetry and comparison with the traditional lens system, Radiation Measurements, Volume 73, February 2015, Pages 60-68, ISSN 1350-4487. View

Malkov S, Cawthon PM, Peters KW, et al. Hip Fractures Risk in Older Men and Women Associated With DXA-Derived Measures of Thigh Subcutaneous Fat Thickness, Cross-Sectional Muscle Area, and Muscle Density. J Bone Miner Res. 2015;30(8):1414-21. View

Chan E, Lydon J, Kron T. On the use of Gafchromic EBT3 films for validating a commercial electron Monte Carlo dose calculation algorithm. Phys Med Biol. 2015;60(5):2091-102. View

Carrara M, Tenconi C, Rossi G, et al. In vivo rectal wall measurements during HDR prostate brachytherapy with MOSkin dosimeters integrated on a trans-rectal US probe: Comparison with planned and reconstructed doses. Radiother Oncol. 2016;118(1):148-53. View

Tseng HC, Liu WS, Tsai HH, Chu HY, Lin JB, Chen CY. Radiation dose for normal organs by helical tomotherapy for lung cancer. Appl Radiat Isot. 2015;102:35-41. View

Mendez, I., Z. Šljivić, R. Hudej, A. Jenko, and B. Casar. "Grid Patterns, Spatial Inter-scan Variations and Scanning Reading Repeatability in Radiochromic Film Dosimetry." Elsevier, 2016. Web. View

Zwan BJ, Hindmarsh J, Seymour E, et al. The dosimetric impact of control point spacing for sliding gap MLC fields. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2016;17(6):6345. View

Tissue Equivalent Material & Plastic Water®

Carrasco P, Jornet N, Duch MA, et al. Comparison of dose calculation algorithms in phantoms with lung equivalent heterogeneities under conditions of lateral electronic disequilibrium. Medical Physics. 2004;31(10).  View

Tromans CE, Cocker MR, Brady SM. Quantification and normalization of x-ray mammograms. Phys Med Biol. 2012;57(20):6519-40. View

Halg, R and Clarke, S and Wieger, B and Pryser, E and Arghal, R and Pozzi, S and Bashkirov, V and Schneider, U and Schulte, R and Lomax, A. SU-E-T-329: Tissue-Equivalent Phantom Materials for Neutron Dosimetry in Proton Therapy. Medical Physics, 41, 300-300 (2014), DOI: View

S. D. Clarke et al., "Characterization of secondary neutron production during proton therapy," 2014 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference (NSS/MIC), Seattle, WA, 2014, pp. 1-3. doi: 10.1109/NSSMIC.2014.7431166 View

Kim, Jin-Young, Shin-Wook Kim, Bo-Young Choe, Tae-Suk Suh, Sung-Kwang Park, Sun-Mi Jo, Won-Yong Oh, Jung-Wook Shin, Gyu-Seok Cho, Song-Hee Nam, Jin-Beom Chong, Jung-Ki Kim, and Young-Kyu Lee. "Clinical Assessment of the Jaw-tracking Function in IMRT for a Brain Tumor."Journal of the Korean Physical Society 66.2 (2015): 295-300. View

Custom Phantoms

PW & Breast (Hard Resin) Phantom

Bencomo JA, Chu C, Tello VM, Cho SHH, Ibbott GS. Anthropomorphic breast phantoms for quality assurance and dose verification. Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics / American College of Medical Physics. 2004;5(1):36-49. View

BallCube (008), Radiosurgery Head (605) & ATOM Dosimetry Verification Phantoms

Yu C, Main W, Taylor D, et al. An anthropomorphic phantom study of the accuracy of Cyberknife spinal radiosurgery. Neurosurgery. 2004; 55(5):1138-1149. View

Main W, et al. CyberKnife® Targeting Accuracy using the CK-6°TM Algorithm. MS Boulder Community Hospital 2003. View

CT Phantom

Bastos M d'Almeida, Lee EY, Strauss KJ, et al. Motion Artifact on High-Resolution CT Images of Pediatric Patients: Comparison of Volumetric and Axial CT Methods. American Journal of Roentgenology. 2009; 193(5):1414-1418. View

Salmon PL. Calibration of thickness and BMD measurement in micro-CT imaging of bone. Presented at Skyscan User Meeting, Ter Elst Hotel, Edegem, Belgium, 2003. View

Tublin ME, Murphy ME, Delong DM, Tessler FN, Kliewer MA. Conspicuity of Renal Calculi at Unenhanced CT: Effects of Calculus Composition and Size and CT Technique1. Radiology. 2002; 225(1):91-96. View.

 Visceral Adipose Phantom

Rothney MP, Xia Y, Wacker WK, et al. Precision of a new tool to measure visceral adipose tissue (VAT) using dual-energy X-Ray absorptiometry (DXA). Obesity (Silver Spring). 2013;21(1):E134-6. View

Custom Bone Phantom

Levasseur, A., Ploeg, H. L., & Petit, Y. (January 01, 2012). Comparison of the influences of structural characteristics on bulk mechanical behaviour: experimental study using a bone surrogate. Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing, 50, 1, 61-7. View


Model 039 Shear Wave Liver Fibroris Phantom

Song, P., Zhao, H., Urban, M., Manduca, A., Mellema, D., Greenleaf, J., & Chen, S. (n.d.). Dual-frequency shear wave motion detection. 2014 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium. View

Song, P., Macdonald, M., Behler, R., Lanning, J., Wang, M., Urban, M., . . . Chen, S. (n.d.). Shear wave elastography on the GE LOGIQ E9 with Comb-push Ultrasound Shear Elastography (CUSE) and time aligned sequential tracking (TAST). 2014 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium. View

Zhao, H., Song, P., Meixner, D., Kinnick, R., Callstrom, M., Sanchez, W., . . . Chen, S. (n.d.). Liver elasticity imaging using external Vibration Multi-directional Ultrasound Shearwave Elastography (EVMUSE). 2014 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium. View

Shin HJ, Kim MJ, Kim HY, Roh YH, Lee MJ. Comparison of shear wave velocities on ultrasound elastography between different machines, transducers, and acquisition depths: a phantom study. Eur Radiol. 2016; View

Sasso, M., Y. Liu, J. Aron-Wisnewsky, et al. "AdipoScan: A Novel Transient Elastography-Based Tool Used to Non-Invasively Assess Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue Shear Wave Speed in Obesity." Elsevier, 2016. Web. View

Huang, SW, H. Xie, JL Robert, et al. "Phase Aberration in Ultrasound Shear Wave Elastography - Impacts on Push and Tracking." IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS), 2016. Web. View

Carrascal, C. A., S. Chen, A. Manduca, et al. "Improved Shear Wave Group Velocity Estimation Method Based on Spatiotemporal Peak and Thresholding Motion Search." IEEE, 2017. Web. View

Model 040GSE General Purpose Multi-Tissue Ultrasound Phantom

Rizzo G, Capponi A, Pietrolucci ME, Arduini D. Role of Sonographic Automatic Volume Calculation in Measuring Fetal Cardiac Ventricular Volumes Using 4-Dimensional Sonography: Comparison With Virtual Organ Computer-Aided Analysis. J Ultrasound Med. 2010; 29(2):261-270. View 

Kim C, Yoon C, Park JH, et al. Evaluation of Ultrasound Synthetic Aperture Imaging using Bi-directional Pixel-based Focusing: Preliminary phantom and in vivo Breast study. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2013. View

Casper A, Liu D, Ballard J, Ebbini E. Real-time Implementation of a Dual-Mode Ultrasound Array System: In Vivo Results. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2013. View

Romero-Laorden D, Martínez-Graullera O, Ibañez A, Ullate LG. Beamforming method based on phase dispersion Fourier analysis for SAFT images. IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng. 2012;42:012009-. View

Romero-Laorden, D., J. Villazón-Terrazas, O. Martínez-Graullera, and A. Ibáñez. "Chapter 9." Strategies for Hardware Reduction on the Design of Portable Ultrasound Imaging Systems. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 June 2013.View

Saarakkala, S., Waris, P., Waris, V., Tarkiainen, I., Karvanen, E., Aarnio, J., & Koski, J. M. (May 01, 2012). Diagnostic performance of knee ultrasonography for detecting degenerative changes of articular cartilage. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, 20, 5, 376-381. View

Song P, Urban MW, Manduca A, Greenleaf JF, Chen S. Coded excitation plane wave imaging for shear wave motion detection. IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control. 2015;62(7):1356-72. View

Scorza, Andrea, Giulia Lupi, Salvatore Andrea Sciuto, Fabiano Bini, and Franco Marinozzi. "A Novel Approach to a Phantom Based Method for Maximum Depth of Penetration Measurement in Diagnostic Ultrasound: A Preliminary Study." 2015 IEEE International Symposium on Medical Measurements and Applications (MeMeA) Proceedings(2015): n. pag. Web. View

Amaro, J.; Yiu, B.Y.S.; Falcao, G.; Gomes, M.A.C.; Yu, A.C.H., "Software-based high-level synthesis design of FPGA beamformers for synthetic aperture imaging," in Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on , vol.62, no.5, pp.862-870, May 2015. View

Ramalli A, Guidi F, Boni E, Tortoli P. A real-time chirp-coded imaging system with tissue attenuation compensation. Ultrasonics. 2015;60:65-75. View

Souza, R. M., A. V. Alvarenga, D. S. Braz, L. I. Petrella, and R. P. Costa-Felix. "Uncertainty Evaluation of Dead Zone of Diagnostic Ultrasound Equipment." IOP Science. IOP Publishing, 02 Aug. 2016. Web. View

Tahvildari AM, Pan L, Kong CS, Desser T. Sonographic-Pathologic Correlation for Punctate Echogenic Reflectors in Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma: What Are They?. J Ultrasound Med. 2016;35(8):1645-52. View

Andersen, M., C. Moore, K. Arges, et al. "High-Frame-Rate Deformation Imaging in Two Dimensions Using Continuous Speckle-Feature Tracking." Elsevier, 29 Aug. 2016. Web. View

Ma, C., Z. Long, D. Lanners, et al. "Protocol for Testing Suitability of Compact US Imaging Systems for Use inside MRI Suites, and Application to One Commercial US System." IOP Publishing, 2016. Web. View

Hasegawa, H. "Improvement of Penetration of Modified Amplitude and Phase Estimation Beamformer." Journal of Medical Ultrasonics, 2016. Web. View

Aliabadi, S., Y. Wang, J. Yu, et al. "Eigenspace-based Beamformer Using Oblique Signal Subspace Projection for Ultrasound Plane-wave Imaging." BioMedical Engineering OnLine, 2016. Web. View

Van Neer, PLMJ, HJ Vos, and AFW Volker. "Stolt Migration Based Iterative Trace Reconstruction." IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS), 2016. Web. View

Savoia, A. S., G. Caliano, G. Matrone, et al. "Nonlinear Ultrasound Imaging Experiments Using a CMUT Probe." IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS), 2016. Web. View

Ramalli, A., A. Dallai, E. Boni, et al. "Multi Transmit Beams for Fast Cardiac Imaging towards Clinical Routine." IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS), 2016. Web. View

Hyder, S., S. Harput, Z. Alomari, et al. "Improved Shear Wave-front Reconstruction Method by Aligning Imaging Beam Angles with Shear-wave Polarization: Applied for Shear Compounding Application." University of Leeds, 2016. Web. View

Guo, W., Y. Wang, and J. Yu. "Ultrasound Harmonic Enhanced Imaging Based on the Eigen Decomposition." American Scientific Publishers, 2016. Web. View

Aliabadi, S., Y. Wang, and J. Yu. "Adaptive Scaled Wiener Postfilter Beamformer for Ultrasound Imaging." IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS), 2016. Web. View

Model 044 Ultrasound Resolution Phantom

Huang QH, Yang Z, Hu W, Jin LW, Wei G, Li X. Linear Tracking for 3-D Medical Ultrasound Imaging. IEEE Trans Cybern. 2013. View

Yin, G., H. Fan, D. Kang, and J. Guo. "Optimization on Ultrasound Imaging Gathered by an Array Transducer with Element Failure." IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS), 2016. Web. View 

Model 045A Brachytherapy QA Phantom

Pfeiffer D, Sutlief S, Feng W, Pierce HM, Kofler J. AAPM Task Group 128: Quality assurance tests for prostate brachytherapy ultrasound systems. Medical Physics. 2008; 35(12). View 

Dhanesar, Sandeep K., Tze Y. Lim, Weiliang Du, Teresa L. Bruno, Steven J. Frank, and Rajat J. Kudchadker. "Evaluation of the MIM Symphony Treatment Planning System for Low-dose-rate- Prostate Brachytherapy." Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics. N.p., 7 Apr. 2015. Web. View

Model 046 Blood Mimicking Fluid

Ramnarine KV, Nassiri DK, Hoskins PR, Lubbers J. Validation of a new blood-mimicking fluid for use in Doppler flow test objects. Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology. 1998; 24(3):451-9. View

Wang, Y., Z. Berwick, S. V. Peelukhana, et al. "Role of Pulse Pressure and Geometry of Primary Entry Tear in Acute Type B Dissection Propagation." Springer US, 2016. Web. View

Kim, D., and SH Park. "A Microfluidics-based Pulpal Arteriole Blood Flow Phantom for Validation of Doppler Ultrasound Devices in Pulpal Blood Flow Velocity Measurement." Journal of Endodontics, 2016. Web. View

Model 047 Gray Scale Ultrasound Phantom

Carson, Paul, Gerald Lecarpentier, Christine Lashbrook, Won-mean Lee, Mitchelle Goodsitt, Kazuhiro Saitou, Boyun Wang, Seunghun Baek, and Brian Fowlkes. LOCAL COMPRESSION DURING AUTOMATED ULTRASOUND SCANNING AND METHODS OF ACOUSTIC COUPLING. The Regents Of The University Of Michigan (Ann Arbor, MI, US), assignee. Patent 20130116570. 09 May 2013. View

Bo, Peng, Junliang Lai, Yang Wang, Ling Wang, and Dong C. Lui. "CUDA-Based Parallel Computation Framework for Phase Root CUDA-Based Parallel Computation Framework for Phase Root Seeking AlgorithmSeeking Algorithm." Journal of Medical Imaging and Health Informatics 4.6 (2014): 922-31. Web. View

Granchi, S., E. Vannacci, E. Biagi, and L. Masotti. "Multidimensional Spectral Analysis of the Ultrasonic Radiofrequency Signal for Characterization of Media." Elsevier, 16 Feb. 2016. Web. View

Lorentsson R, Hosseini N, Johansson JO, et al. Comparison of the low contrast detectability of two ultrasound systems using a greyscale phantom. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2016;17(6):6246. View

Model 049 & 049A Elasticity QA Phantoms

Harris, E., Miller, NR. Et al. Speckle tracking in a phantom feature-based tracking in liver in the presence of respiratory motion using 4D ultrasound. Phys. Med. Biol. 55 2010; 55; 3363-3380. View

McAleavey, Stephen A. Methods and Systems for Spatially Modulated Ultrasound Radiation Force Imaging. Patent US2011/0184287 A1. 28 July 2011. View

Schneider C, Baghani A, Rohling R, Salcudean S. Remote ultrasound palpation for robotic interventions using absolute elastography. Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv. 2012;15(Pt 1):42-9. View

Baghani A, Eskandari H, Wang W, et al. Real-time quantitative elasticity imaging of deep tissue using free-hand conventional ultrasound. Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv. 2012;15(Pt 2):617-24. View

Azar RZ, Dickie K, Pelissier L. Real-time 1-D/2-D transient elastography on a standard ultrasound scanner using mechanically induced vibration. IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control. 2012;59(10):2167-77. View

Baghani A, Salcudean S, Honarvar M, Sahebjavaher RS, Rohling R, Sinkus R. Travelling wave expansion: a model fitting approach to the inverse problem of elasticity reconstruction. IEEE Trans Med Imaging. 2011;30(8):1555-65. View

Azar, R. Z., Baghani, A., Salcudean, S. E., Rohling, R., & 2010 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS 2010. (December 01, 2010). Dynamic elastography using delay compensated and angularly compounded high frame rate 2D motion vectors. Proceedings - Ieee Ultrasonics Symposium, 1616-1619. View

Chen, Zhaohong, Yongdong Chen, and Qinghua Huang. "Development of a Wireless and Near Real-Time 3D Ultrasound Strain Imaging System."IEEE Trans. Biomed. Circuits Syst. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems (2015): 1. Web. View

Sahebjavaher RS, Nir G, Gagnon LO, et al. MR elastography and diffusion-weighted imaging of ex vivo prostate cancer: quantitative comparison to histopathology. NMR Biomed. 2015;28(1):89-100. View

Huang Q, Xie B, Ye P, Chen Z. 3-D ultrasonic strain imaging based on a linear scanning system. IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control. 2015;62(2):392-400. View

Mulabecirovic A, Vesterhus M, Gilja OH, Havre RF. In Vitro Comparison of Five Different Elastography Systems for Clinical Applications, Using Strain and Shear Wave Technology. Ultrasound Med Biol. 2016;42(11):2572-2588. View

He, X., X. Diao, H. Lin, et al. "Using Coded Excitation to Detect Tissue Vibration in Ultrasonic Elastography." American Scientific Publishers, Feb. 2017. Web. View


Model 050 Near Field Ultrasound Phantom

Øvland, R. Coherent Plane-Wave Compounding in Medical Ultrasound Imaging: Quality investigation of 2D B-mode images of stationary and moving objects. Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 2012. View

Siepmann M, Fokong S, Mienkina M, et al. Phase shift variance imaging - a new technique for destructive microbubble imaging. IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control. 2013;60(5):909-23. View

Scorza, Andrea, Giulia Lupi, Salvatore Andrea Sciuto, Fabiano Bini, and Franco Marinozzi. "A Novel Approach to a Phantom Based Method for Maximum Depth of Penetration Measurement in Diagnostic Ultrasound: A Preliminary Study." 2015 IEEE International Symposium on Medical Measurements and Applications (MeMeA) Proceedings(2015): n. pag. Web. View

Hyunseok Ju ; Jinbum Kang ; Ilseob Song ; Yangmo Yoo; A new multi-planar reconstruction method using voxel based beamforming for 3D ultrasound imaging. Proc. SPIE 9412, Medical Imaging 2015: Physics of Medical Imaging, 94124P (March 18, 2015); doi:10.1117/12.2080935. View

Model 053 Tissue-Equivalent Ultrasound Prostate Phantom

Kemper J, Burkholder A, Jain A, et al. TU-EE-A1-06: Transrectal Fiducial Carrier for Radiographic Image Registration in Prostate Brachytherapy. Medical Physics. 2005; 32(6). View

Tremblay C, Gingras L, Archambault L, et al. SU-FF-T-232: Characterization and Use of MOSFET as In Vivo Dosimeters under 192Ir Irradiation for Real-Time Quality Assurance. Medical Physics. 2005; 32(6). View

Onik G, Downey D, Fenster A. Three-dimensional sonographically monitored cryosurgery in a prostate phantom. Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine. 1996; 15(3):267-270. View

Seifabadi, Reza. "TELEOPERATED MRI‐GUIDED PROSTATE NEEDLE PLACEMENT." Thesis. Queen's University, Canada, 2013. View

Ukimura O, Desai MM, Palmer S, et al. 3-Dimensional elastic registration system of prostate biopsy location by real-time 3-dimensional transrectal ultrasound guidance with magnetic resonance/transrectal ultrasound image fusion. J Urol. 2012;187(3):1080-6. View

Wang, Y., D. Ni, M. Xu, X. Xie, and PA Heng. "Patient-specific Deformation Modelling via Elastography: Application to Image-guided Prostate Interventions." Scientific Reports, 07 June 2016. Web. View

Kim, ST, Y. Kim, and J. Kim. "Design of an MR-compatible Biopsy Needle Manipulator Using Pull-pull Cable Transmission." Korean Society for Precision Engineering, 10 Sept. 2016. Web. View

Fedorov, A., K. Tuncali, L. Panych, et al. "Segmented Diffusion-weighted Imaging of the Prostate: Application to Transperineal In-bore 3 T MR Image-guided Targeted Biopsy." Elsevier, 2016. Web. View

Boroomand, A., E. Li, MJ Shafiee, et al . "A Unified Bayesian-based Compensated Magnetic Resonance Imaging." ResearchGate, 2016. Web. View

Model 054GS General Purpose Ultrasound Phantom

Cozzolino P, Stramare R, Udilano A, et al. Quality control of ultrasound transducers: analysis of evaluation parameters and results of a survey of 116 transducers in a single hospital. Radiol Med. 2010;115(4):668-77. View

Lediju bell MA, Dahl JJ, Trahey GE. Resolution and brightness characteristics of short-lag spatial coherence (SLSC) images. IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control. 2015;62(7):1265-76. View

Scorza, A., G. Lupi, S. A. Sciuto, L. Battista, and J. Galo. "A Preliminary Study on a Method for Objective Uniformity Assessment in Diagnostic Ultrasound Imaging." 2015 IEEE International Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference (I2MTC) Proceedings (2015): n. pag. Web. View

Scorza, Andrea, Giulia Lupi, Salvatore Andrea Sciuto, Fabiano Bini, and Franco Marinozzi. "A Novel Approach to a Phantom Based Method for Maximum Depth of Penetration Measurement in Diagnostic Ultrasound: A Preliminary Study." 2015 IEEE International Symposium on Medical Measurements and Applications (MeMeA) Proceedings(2015): n. pag. Web. View

Model 055 3D Ultrasound Calibration Phantom

Amin VR, Wang B, Sonka M, Lauer RM. Three-dimensional ultrasound imaging of vessel wall for evaluating atherosclerosis risk and disease. SPIE International Society for Optical Engineering. 2002; Proc SPIE 4687(32):255-263. View

Michael Aron, Marie-Odile Berger, Erwan Kerrien, Brigitte Wrobel-Dautcourt, Blaise Potard, et al.. Multimodal acquisition of articulatory data: Geometrical and temporal registration. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Acoustical Society of America, 2016, 139 (2), pp.13. <10.1121/1.4940666>. View

Model 059 Breast Elastography Phantom

Rivaz, H., E. Boctor, P. Foroughi, R. Zellars, G. Fichtinger, and G. Hager. "Ultrasound Elastography: A Dynamic Programming Approach." IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging 27.10 (2008): 1373-377. View

Sayed A, Layne G, Abraham J, Mukdadi O. Nonlinear characterization of breast cancer using multi-compression 3D ultrasound elastography in vivo. Ultrasonics. 2013;53(5):979-91. View

Eskandari H, Salcudean SE, Rohling R, Bell I. Real-time solution of the finite element inverse problem of viscoelasticity. Inverse Problems. 2011;27(8):085002-. View

Ghavami, Navid; Probert Smith, Penny; Tiberi, Gianluigi; Edwards, David; Craddock, Ian: 'Non-iterative beamforming based on Huygens principle for multistatic ultrawide band radar: application to breast imaging', IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation, 2015. View

Denis, M.; Bayat, M.; Mehrmohammadi, M.; Gregory, A.; Song, P.; Whaley, D.H.; Pruthi, S.; Chen, S.; Fatemi, M.; Alizad, A., "Update on breast cancer detection using comb-push ultrasound shear elastography," inUltrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on , vol.62, no.9, pp.1644-1650, Sept. 2015. View

E. Shaswary, J. Tavakkoli and Y. Xu, "A new algorithm for time-delay estimation in ultrasonic echo signals [Correspondence]," in IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, vol. 62, no. 1, pp. 236-241, January 2015. doi: 10.1109/TUFFC.2014.006645 View

Model 063 Quantitative Ultrasound Phantom

Meziere, Fabien; Bossy, Emmanuel; Derode, Arnaud; Juskova, Petra; Woittequand, Jason; Malaquin, Laurent; Muller, Marie, "Bone Phantoms for the observation of the fast and slow waves," Ultrasonic Characterization of Bone (ESUCB), 2015 6th European Symposium on , vol., no., pp.1,4, 10-12 June 2015. View

Model 066 Prostate Elastography Phantom

Wu Z, Taylor LS, Rubens DJ and Parker KJ. Shear wave focusing for three-dimensional sonoelastography. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 2002; 111(1):439-446. View

Amalou H, Wood BJ. Re: Phantom study of a novel stereotactic prostate biopsy system integrating preinterventional magnetic resonance imaging and live ultrasonography fusion (from: Kuru TH, Roethke M, Popeneclu V, et al. J Endourol 2012;26:807-813.). J Endourol. 2013;27(2):252-3. View

Ukimura O, Desai MM, Palmer S, et al. 3-Dimensional elastic registration system of prostate biopsy location by real-time 3-dimensional transrectal ultrasound guidance with magnetic resonance/transrectal ultrasound image fusion. J Urol. 2012;187(3):1080-6. View

Model 068 Fetal Ultrasound Biometrics Phantom

Hansmann M, Hackeloer BJ, Staudach A, eds. Ultrasound Diagnosis in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Berlin, Springer- Verlag. 1985; 113-153.

Huang QH, Yang Z, Hu W, Jin LW, Wei G, Li X. Linear Tracking for 3-D Medical Ultrasound Imaging. IEEE Trans Cybern. 2013. View

Qinghua Huang; Yanping Huang; Wei Hu; Xuelong Li, "Bezier Interpolation for 3-D Freehand Ultrasound," in Human-Machine Systems, IEEE Transactions on , vol.45, no.3, pp.385-392, June 2015. View

Model 072 Vascular Access Training Phantom Kit

Dodge, K. L., Lynch, C. A., Moore, C. L., Biroscak, B. J., & Evans, L. V. (January 01, 2012). Use of ultrasound guidance improves central venous catheter insertion success rates among junior residents. Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine, 31, 10, 1519-26. View

Model 074 Thyroid Ultrasound Training Phantom

Wickramaratne D, Wilkinson P, Rao J, Ragavendra N, Sharma S, Gimzewski JK. Fine Needle Elastography (FNE) device for biomechanically determining local variations of tissue mechanical properties. J Biomech. 2015;48(1):81-8. View

Zerdine & Urethane Ultrasound

Wu Z, Hoyt K, Rubens DJ and Parker KJ. Sonoelastographic imaging of interference patterns for estimation of shear velocity distribution in biomaterials. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 2006; 120: 535-45. View

Browne JE, Ramnairne KV, Hoskins PR and Watson AJ. Assessment of the acoustic properties of common tissue-mimicking test phantoms. Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology. 2003; 29(7):1053-1060. View 

Browne JE, Ramnairne KV, Hoskins PR and Watson AJ, "A Comparative Study of the Physical Properties of Five Commonly used Ultrasound Test Phantoms."MDA Ultrasound Equipment Evaluation Project, Glasgow Western Infirmary. 2002. View

Goharrizi AY, N'djin WA, Kwong R, Chopra R. Development of a new control strategy for 3D MRI-controlled interstitial ultrasound cancer therapy. Med Phys. 2013;40(3):033301. View

Schneebeli, Alessandro, Corrado Cescon, Filippo Del Grande, Gabriele Vincenzo, Fulvio Biordi, and Marco Barbero. "REAL-TIME ELASTOGRAPHY USING AN EXTERNAL REFERENCE MATERIAL: PRELIMINARY RESULTS OF ACHILLES TENDON ELASTICITY PATTERN." (2014): n. pag. Research Gate. Conference: XX Congress of the International Society of Electrophysiology and Kinesiology (ISEK), 23 July 2014. Web. View

General Ultrasound - CIRS Lab Capabilities

Madsen EL, Dong F, Frank GR, et al. Interlaboratory comparison of ultrasonic backscatter, attenuation, and speed measurements. J Ultrasound Med. 1999; 18(9):615-631. View 

Custom Phantoms

Prostate Phantom (MRI & Elastography)

Arani A, Plewes D, Krieger A, Chopra R. The feasibility of endorectal MR elastography for prostate cancer localization. Magn. Reson. Med. 2011. View

Krieger A, Iordachita I, Guion P, et al. An MRI-Compatible Robotic System with Hybrid Tracking for MRI-Guided Prostate Intervention. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering. 2011. View

N’djin, W. A., Burtnyk, M., Bronskill, M., & Chopra, R. (February 01, 2012). Investigation of power and frequency for 3D conformal MRI-controlled transurethral ultrasound therapy with a dual frequency multi-element transducer. International Journal of Hyperthermia, 28, 1, 87-104. View

Elastography Phantom

Lee J-H, Garcia-Acosta N, Te K, Won C-H. Proceedings of SPIE: Tactile sensation imaging system for inclusion characterization. Mahadevan-Jansen A, Vo-Dinh T, Grundfest WS, eds. Advanced Biomedical and Clinical Diagnostic Systems IX. 2011; 7890. View

Treece G, Lindop J, Chen L, et al. Real-time quasi-static ultrasound elastography. Interface Focus. 2011. View

Amador, C., Urban, M. W., Chen, S., & Greenleaf, J. F. (January 01, 2012). Loss tangent and complex modulus estimated by acoustic radiation force creep and shear wave dispersion. Physics in Medicine and Biology, 57, 5, 1263-82. View

Ultrasound Bone Phantom

Wear KA, Laib A. The dependence of ultrasonic backscatter on trabecular thickness in human calcaneus: Theoretical and experimental results. IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control. 2003; 50(8):979-986. View


Model 011A Tissue-Equivalent Phantom for Mammography

Milanfar P. Super-resolution imaging. CRC Press; 2011:394-396. View

Shafer CM, Samei E, Lo JY. The quantitative potential for breast tomosynthesis imaging. Medical Physics. 2010;37(3). View

Nassivera E, Nardin L. Daily quality control programme in mammography. Br J Radiol. 1996; 69(818):148-152. View

Skubic SE. The effect of breast composition on absorbed dose and image contrast. Medical Physics. 1989; 16(4). View

Fatouros PP, et al. Development and Use of Realistically Shaped Tissue Equivalent Phantoms for assessing the Mammographic Process. Presented at 74th Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting of the Radiological Society of North America, Chicago IL,1988. View

Zhou Y. TH-A-217BCD-11: A Practical Approach to Evaluate the Performance of Automatic Exposure Controls in Digital Mammography. Med. Phys. 2012;39(6):3991-. View

Hu YH, Zhao W. The effect of angular dose distribution on the detection of microcalcifications in digital breast tomosynthesis. Med Phys. 2011;38(5):2455-66. View

Youn, Hanbean, Jong Chul Han, Seungman Yun, Soohwa Kam, Seungryong Cho, and Ho Kyung Kim. "Characterization of On-site Digital Mammography Systems: Direct versus Indirect Conversion Detectors." Journal of the Korean Physical Society 66.12 (2015): 1926-935. Web. View

Izdihar K, Kanaga KC, Krishnapillai V, Sulaiman T. Determination of Tube Output (kVp) and Exposure Mode for Breast Phantom of Various Thicknesses/Glandularity for Digital Mammography. Malays J Med Sci. 2015;22(1):40-9. View

Baptista M, Di maria S, Barros S, et al. Dosimetric characterization and organ dose assessment in digital breast tomosynthesis: Measurements and Monte Carlo simulations using voxel phantoms. Med Phys. 2015;42(7):3788-800. View

Model 012A Mammography Research Set

Li X, Da Z, Liu B. A generic geometric calibration method for tomographic imaging systems with flat-panel detectors--a detailed implementation guide. Medical Physics. 2010; 37(7):3844-54. View

Kuzmiak CM, Pisano ED, Cole EB, et al. Comparison of full-field digital mammography to screen-film mammography with respect to contrast and spatial resolution in tissue equivalent breast phantoms. Medical Physics. 2005; 32(10). View

Hammerstein R, Miller D, White D, et al. Absorbed Dose in Mammography. Radiology. 130:485-491. View

Hubbell JH. Photon Mass Attenuation and Energy-Absorption Coefficients from 1 keV to 20 MeV. International Journal Applied Radiation Isotopes. 1982; 33:1269-1290. View 

Ko MS, Kim HH, Cha JH, Shin HJ, Kim JH, Kim MJ. Dose reduction in automatic optimization parameter of full field digital mammography: breast phantom study. J Breast Cancer. 2013;16(1):90-6.View

Kim, Ye-seul, Hye-Suk Park, Hee-Joung Kim, Young-Wook Choi, and Jae-Gu Choi. "An Experimental Study of the Scatter Correction by Using a Beam-stop-array Algorithm with Digital Breast Tomosynthesis."SpringerLink. Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 06 Jan. 2015. Web. 03 May 2016. View

Model 013 Stereotactic Needle Biopsy Training Phantom

Urban MW, ChalekC, Haider B, Thomenius KE, Fatemi M, Alizad A. A beamforming study for implementation of vibro-acoustography with a 1.75-D array transducer. IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control. 2013;60(3):535-51. View

Model 014 Mammography Artifact Evaluation Phantom & Phototimer Testing Slabs

White DR. Epoxy resin based tissue substitutes. British Journal of Radiology. 1987; 50:814-821. View

Model 015 Mammographic Accreditation Phantom

Imamura K, et al. Synchrotron Radiation Imaging Showed Cracking-Like Structures in ACR-Approved Mammography Phantoms. Poster presented at annual AAPM meeting, 2003; Poster# TH-C24A08. View

Geise RA, Palchevsky A. Composition of mammographic phantom materials. Radiology. 1996; 198(2):347-350. View

Chakraborty DP. Quantitative versus subjective evaluation of mammography accreditation phantom images. Medical Physics. 1995; 22(2). View

Adam Wang ; Edward Shapiro ; Sungwon Yoon ; Arundhuti Ganguly ; Cesar Proano, et al.
" Asymmetric scatter kernels for software-based scatter correction of gridless mammography ", Proc. SPIE 9412, Medical Imaging 2015: Physics of Medical Imaging, 94121I (March 18, 2015); doi:10.1117/12.2081501; View

Model 015 Mammographic Accreditation Phantom & Model 085 Digital Mammography Phantom

Berns EA, Hendrick ER. Technical Evaluation of Foam Pads in Mammography. Poster presented at National Consortium of Breast CentersNCBC), Las Vegas, Nevada, Feb 22-24, 2004. View

Model 016A Exposure Contrast Resolution Phantom & Model 016B Special High Contrast Resolution Phantom

Goodsitt MM, Chan H-P, Liu B. Investigation of the line-pair pattern method for evaluating mammographic focal spot performance. Medical Physics. 1997; 24(1). View 

Model 017 Mammographic Step Wedge

Shepherd JA, Kerlikowske KM, Smith-Bindman R, Genant HK, sCummings SR. Measurement of Breast Density with Dual X-ray Absorptiometry: Feasibility1. Radiology. 2002; 223(2):554-557. View 

White DR. Epoxy resin based tissue substitutes. British Journal of Radiology. 1987; 50:814-821. View

Model 020 Mammography BR3D Phantom

Feng SSJ, Sechopoulos I. A Software-Based X-Ray Scatter Correction Method for Breast Tomosynthesis. Medical Physics. 2011; 38(12):6643-6653. View

Taibi A et al. Lesion detectability in digital mammography and digital breast tomosynthesis: A Phantom Study. 2010; ECR Presentation B-823. View '

Y.-H. Hu, D. A. Scaduto, W. Zhao, "Optimization of clinical protocols for contrast enhanced breast imaging," in SPIE Medical Imaging (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2013), p. 86680G–86680G. View

Gomi, T. (2015) Comparison of Different Reconstruction Algorithms for Decreasing the Exposure Dose during Digital Breast Tomosynthesis: A Phantom Study. J. Biomedical Science and Engineering, 8, 471-478. View

Han S. A Quantification Method for Breast Tissue Thickness and Iodine Concentration Using Photon-Counting Detector. J Digit Imaging. 2015;28(5):594-603. View

Adam Wang ; Edward Shapiro ; Sungwon Yoon ; Arundhuti Ganguly ; Cesar Proano, et al.
" Asymmetric scatter kernels for software-based scatter correction of gridless mammography ", Proc. SPIE 9412, Medical Imaging 2015: Physics of Medical Imaging, 94121I (March 18, 2015); doi:10.1117/12.2081501; View

David A. Scaduto ; Min Yang ; Jennifer Ripton-Snyder ; Paul R. Fisher and Wei Zhao
" Digital breast tomosynthesis with minimal breast compression ", Proc. SPIE9412, Medical Imaging 2015: Physics of Medical Imaging, 94121Y (March 18, 2015); doi:10.1117/12.2081543; View

Malliori A, Bliznakova K, Bliznakov Z, Cockmartin L, Bosmans H, Pallikarakis N. Breast tomosynthesis using the multiple projection algorithm adapted for stationary detectors. J Xray Sci Technol. 2016;24(1):23-41. View

Scaduto, D, et al. "Dependence of Contrast-Enhanced Lesion Detection in Contrast-Enhanced Digital Breast Tomosynthesis on Imaging Chain Design." Springer Link, 17 June 2016. Web. View

Model 081 Digital Step Wedge

Thapa, Bishnu Bahadur, "DEVELOPMENT OF A PATIENT SPECIFIC IMAGE PLANNING SYSTEM FOR RADIATION THERAPY" (2013).Theses and Dissertations--Physics and Astronomy.Paper 11. View

Model 240 Specimen Imaging and Transport Container

Luciani A, Pigneur F, Ghozali F, et al. Ex vivo MRI of axillary lymph nodes in breast cancer. European Journal of Radiology. 2009; 69(1):59-66. View

General Mammography

Verdun FR, Moeckli R, Valley J-F, et al. European Survey of Image Quality Assessment Methods Used in Mammography. Radiation Protection Dosimetry. 1998; 80(1-3):73-76. View

Byng J, Mainprize JG, Yaffe MJ. X-ray characterization of breast phantom materials. Physics in Medicine and Biology. 1998; 1367-1377. View

Borg, M., Badr, I., & Royle, G. J. (January 01, 2012). The use of a figure-of-merit (FOM) for optimisation in digital mammography: a literature review. Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 151, 1, 81-8. View

Vedantham S, Karellas A. X-ray phase contrast imaging of the breast: analysis of tissue simulating materials. Med Phys. 2013;40(4):041906. View

Custom Phantoms

Cone Beam CT Breast Phantom

Kwan ALC, Boone JM, Shah N. Evaluation of x-ray scatter properties in a dedicated cone-beam breast CT scanner. Medical Physics. 2005; 32(9). View

Custom Breast Phantom with Cylindrical Plugs

Alonzo-Proulx, O. "Validation of a Method for Measuring the Volumetric Breast Density from Digital Mammograms." Physics in Medicine and Biology 55.11 (2010): 3027-044. View

Tissue-Equivalent Mammography Phantom (Model 011A)

Pachoud M. Development of a test object for an objective assessment of image quality in conventional or digital mammography. 2002: 219-225. View 


Custom Phantoms

MRI Phantom (Thermal Ablation)

Holbrook AB, Ghanouni P, Butts Pauly K, Santos JM, et al. In vivo MR acoustic radiation force imaging in the porcine liver. Medical Physics. 2011; 38(9):5081-5089. View

Bouchard L-S, Bronskill MJ. Magnetic resonance imaging of thermal coagulation effects in a phantom for calibrating thermal therapy devices. Medical Physics. 2000; 27(5). View

MRI Phantom

Bronskill MJ, Escaravage M, Stanisz G, Henkelman RM. Abstracts (Continue in Part XXXXIV) - Development of Materials to Calibrate Thermal Damage Patterns with MRI. Proc. Soc. Magn. Reson. Med. 1997; (S1):2151-2200. View

Roe JE, Prentice WE, Hornak JP. A multipurpose MRI phantom based on a reverse micelle solution. Magn. Reson. Med. 1996; 35(1):136-141. View 


Model 034 Lumbar Training Phantom

Wu, B., and Q. Huang. "A Kinect-based Automatic Ultrasound Scanning System." IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS), 2016. Web. View

Model 048A Multi-Modality Pelvic Phantom

Mizowaki T, Cohen GN, Fung AYC, Zaider M. Towards integrating functional imaging in the treatment of prostate cancer with radiation: the registration of the MR spectroscopy imaging to ultrasound/CT images and its implementation in treatment planning. International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics. 2002; 54(5):1558-1564. View

Fontanarosa D, Pesente S, Pascoli F, Ermacora D, Rumeileh IA, Verhaegen F. A speed of sound aberration correction algorithm for curvilinear ultrasound transducers in ultrasound-based image-guided radiotherapy. Phys Med Biol. 2013;58(5):1341-60. View

Ballhausen H, Hieber S, Li M, Parodi K, Belka C, Reiner M. Linearity of patient positioning detection : a phantom study of skin markers, cone beam computed tomography, and 3D ultrasound. Strahlenther Onkol. 2015;191(5):442-7. Vi

Model 053 Multi-Modality Prostate Training Phantom

Thörmer G, Reiss-zimmermann M, Otto J, et al. Novel technique for MR elastography of the prostate using a modified standard endorectal coil as actuator. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2013;37(6):1480-5. View

Amalou H, Wood BJ. Re: Phantom study of a novel stereotactic prostate biopsy system integrating preinterventional magnetic resonance imaging and live ultrasonography fusion (from: Kuru TH, Roethke M, Popeneclu V, et al. J Endourol 2012;26:807-813.). J Endourol. 2013;27(2):252-3. View

Krieger, A., Song, S.-E., Bongjoon, C. N., Iordachita, I. I., Guion, P., Whitcomb, L. L., & Fichtinger, G. (January 01, 2013). Development and evaluation of an actuated MRI-compatible robotic system for MRI-guided prostate intervention. Ieee/asme Transactions on Mechatronics, 18, 1, 273-284. View

Model 057A Interventional 3D Abdominal Phantom

Sato I, Nakamura R, Masamune K. MRI compatible manipulator with MRI-guided needle insertion support system. In: Nagoya, Japan; 2010:77-82. View

Das M, Sauer F, Schoepf JJ, et al. Augmented reality visualization for CT-guided interventions: system description, feasibility, and initial evaluation in an abdominal phantom. Radiology. 2006; 240(1):230-235. View 

Cleary, Kevin R. Periscopic Spine Surgery. Tech. no. W81XWH-04-1-0078. US Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Fort Detrick, Maryland, Jan. 2007. Web. View

Zhang, Hui, Filip Banovac, Amy White, and Kevin Cleary. 3D Freehand Ultrasound Calibration Using an Electromagnetically Tracked Needle. Imaging Science and Information Systems Center. Department of Radiology, Georgetown University Medical Center. View

Kroes MW, Busser WM, Fütterer JJ, et al. Assessment of Needle Guidance Devices for Their Potential to Reduce Fluoroscopy Time and Operator Hand Dose during C-Arm Cone-Beam Computed Tomography-guided Needle Interventions. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2013;24(6):901-6. View

Toshikuni N, Shiroeda H, Ozaki K, et al. Advanced ultrasonography technologies to assess the effects of radiofrequency ablation on hepatocellular carcinoma. Radiology and Oncology. 2013;:1-6. View

Thapa, Bishnu Bahadur, "DEVELOPMENT OF A PATIENT SPECIFIC IMAGE PLANNING SYSTEM FOR RADIATION THERAPY" (2013).Theses and Dissertations--Physics and Astronomy.Paper 11. View

Xia MF, Bian H, Yan HM, et al. Assessment of liver fat content using quantitative ultrasonography to evaluate risks for metabolic diseases. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2015. View

Rathmann N, Kostrzewa M, Kara K, et al. Radiation exposure of the interventional radiologist during percutaneous biopsy using a multi-axis interventional C-arm CT system with 3D laser guidance: A phantom study. Br J Radiol. 2015;:20150151. View

Xia MF, Lin HD, Yan HM, et al. The association of liver fat content and serum alanine aminotransferase with bone mineral density in middle-aged and elderly Chinese men and postmenopausal women. J Transl Med. 2016;14(1):11. View

Wang D, Lin H, Xia M, et al. Vitamin D Levels Are Inversely Associated with Liver Fat Content and Risk of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in a Chinese Middle-Aged and Elderly Population: The Shanghai Changfeng Study. PLoS ONE. 2016;11(6):e0157515. View

Xia MF, Yki-järvinen H, Bian H, et al. Influence of Ethnicity on the Accuracy of Non-Invasive Scores Predicting Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. PLOS ONE. 2016;11(8):e0160526. View

Garcia-Vazquez, V., E. Marinetto, P. Guerra, et al. "Assessment of Intraoperative 3D Imaging Alternatives for IOERT Dose Estimation." Elsevier, 23 Aug. 2016. Web. View

Liu, J., Y. Hu, J. Yang, et al. "3D Feature Constrained Reconstruction for Low Dose CT Imaging." IEEE, Dec. 2016. Web. View

Model 071A Image-Guided Abdominal Biopsy Phantom

Thapa, Bishnu Bahadur, "DEVELOPMENT OF A PATIENT SPECIFIC IMAGE PLANNING SYSTEM FOR RADIATION THERAPY" (2013).Theses and Dissertations--Physics and Astronomy.Paper 11. View

Moon, Y.; Seo, J.B.; Choi, J., "Development of New End-Effector for Proof-of-Concept of Fully Robotic Multichannel Biopsy," in Mechatronics, IEEE/ASME Transactions on , vol.PP, no.99, pp.1-13. View

Model 073 Triple Modality Biopsy Phantom

Solberg OVV, Lindseth F, Bø LEE, et al. 3D ultrasound reconstruction algorithms from analog and digital data. Ultrasonics. 2011; 51(4):405-419. View 

Chun HY, Jung HC, Kim MT, Kim KG, Ko KL. Needle insertion force exerted on various breast tissues: Experimental study and finite element analysis. Biomed. Eng. Lett. 2012;2(3):173-178. View

C. Lee AW, Rajagopal V, Doyle A, F. Nielsen PM, Nash MP. Breast lesion co-localisation between X-ray and MR images using finite element modelling. Medical Image Analysis. 2013. View 

Nakano S, Yoshida M, Fujii K, et al. Real-time virtual sonography, a coordinated sonography and MRI system that uses magnetic navigation, improves the sonographic identification of enhancing lesions on breast MRI. Ultrasound Med Biol. 2012;38(1):42-9. View

Kousaka J, Nakano S, Ando T, et al. Targeted sonography using an image fusion technique for evaluation of incidentally detected breast lesions on chest CT: a pilot study. Breast Cancer. 2014; View

Kocev, Bojan, Joachim Georgii, Lars Linsen, and Karl Horst. "Information Fusion for Real-time Motion Estimation in Image-guided Breast Biopsy Navigation." Workshop on Virtual Reality Interaction and Physical Simulation. N.p.: Eurographics AssociationThe Eurographics Association, 2014. View

Custom Phantoms

Multi-Modality Pelvic Phantom (Model 048)

Mizowaki T, Cohen GN, Fung AYC, Zaider M. Towards integrating functional imaging in the treatment of prostate cancer with radiation: the registration of the MR spectroscopy imaging to ultrasound/CT images and its implementation in treatment planning. International Journal of Radiation OncologyBiologyPhysics. 2002; 54(5):1558-1564. View

Amalou H, Hoang A, Xu S, et al. Prostate cancer laser ablation with MRI or ultrasound guidance. Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology. 2013;24(4):S99-. View

Multi-Modality Homogeneous Prostate Phantom

Burtnyk, M., N'Djin, W. A., Kobelevskiy, I., Bronskill, M., & Chopra, R. (January 01, 2010). 3D conformal MRI-controlled transurethral ultrasound prostate therapy: validation of numerical simulations and demonstration in tissue-mimicking gel phantoms. Physics in Medicine and Biology, 55, 22, 6817-39. View