Multi-Purpose Multi-Tissue Ultrasound Phantom

Model 040GSE
The Standard for Ultrasound Quality Assurance
  • Test the full range of standard diagnostic ultrasound probes (2 MHz to 18 MHz)
  • Dual attenuation design provides challenging testing environment for high sensitivity probes
  • Acoustic properties comply with IEC Technical Standard 62736
  • Detachable water wells allow for testing curvilinear and endocavity probes
  • Only general purpose QA phantom on market with elasticity targets
  • Ensure over ten years of reliable use through reinspection and repair services

Includes best in industry four-year warranty

The CIRS Model 040GSE Multi-Purpose, Multi-Tissue Ultrasound Phantom is the most complete solution available for performance and quality assurance testing. Its dual frequency design and detachable water wells allow testing of most transducer shapes – including curvilinear and endocavity – and frequencies. It is also the only QA phantom on the market that provides both elasticity targets and all the standard B-mode imaging test objects.

The phantom is made of CIRS’ proprietary Zerdine ® hydrogel polymer, which has been formulated to provide tissue mimicking properties including compatibility with harmonic imaging. To maximize phantom lifetime, this gel is contained in a rugged ABS plastic housing with a Saran-based laminate membrane.

CIRS ultrasound QA phantoms come standard with a robust housing, carry case, 48-month warranty, and user guide.

US Patent #5196343

Key Tests with Model 040GSE
  • Uniformity
  • Depth of Penetration
  • Beam Profile/ Focal Zone/ Lateral Response Width
  • Vertical Distance Measurement
  • Horizontal Distance Measurement
  • Axial and Lateral Resolution
  • Elevational Resolution
  • Contrast Resolution
  • Grayscale Contrast Sensitivity
  • Elasticity Sensitivity
  • Dead Zone Assessment

Data Sheet

Multi-Purpose, Multi-Tissue Ultrasound Phantom: Data Sheet

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Moubark, Asraf Mohamed; Alomari, Zainab; Zaman, Mohd Hairi Mohd; Zulkifley, Mohd Asyraf; Ali, Sawal Hamid Md; Nie, Luzhen; Freear, Steven; 'Optimizing the lateral beamforming step for filtered-delay multiply and sum beamforming to improve active contour segmentation using ultrafast ultrasound imaging'. Biomedical Signal Processing and Control. 2022; 71: 103267. Elsevier. View
Mozumi, Michiya; Nagaoka, Ryo; Hasegawa, Hideyuki; 'Improving image contrast and accuracy in velocity estimation by convolution filters for intracardiac blood flow imaging'. Ultrasonics. 2022; 120: 106650. Elsevier. View
Tehrani, Ali KZ; Rosado-Mendez, Ivan M; Rivaz, Hassan; 'Robust Scatterer Number Density Segmentation of Ultrasound Images'. IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control. 2022; IEEE. View
Zhao, Na; Xu, Yuan; 'Decorrelated compounding improves lesion signal-to-noise ratio of low-contrast lesions in synthetic transmit aperture ultrasound imaging'. JASA Express Letters. 2022; 2 (2): 22001. Acoustical Society of America. View
Lu, Jui-Ying; Lee, Po-Yang; Huang, Chih-Chung; 'Improving Image Quality for Single-Angle Plane Wave Ultrasound Imaging with Convolutional Neural Network Beamformer'. IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control. 2022; IEEE. View
Warringa, Niek; Dam-Vervloet, Lida J; Boomsma, Martijn F; 'Assessment of Liver Fibrosis With Elastography Point Quantification Versus Transient Elastography'. Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. 2021; 19 (3): 618-619. Elsevier. View

Summary: A new algorithm for estimating the speed of sound, used to improve image quality in ultrasound systems, was tested on a urethane phantom (the CIRS Model 42, which was recently replaced by the ATS539).
Vaidya, Avinash S; Srinivas, MB; 'A low-complexity and robust minimum variance beamformer for ultrasound imaging systems using beamspace dominant mode rejection'. 2021; IEEE. View
Bofeng Zhang, Gianmarco F Pinton, Kathryn R Nightingale 'On the Relationship between Spatial Coherence and In Situ Pressure for Abdominal Imaging'. Ultrasound in medicine & biology. 2021; Elsevier. View
Yan, Xin; Qi, Yanxing; Wang, Yinmeng; Wang, Yuanyuan; 'High Resolution, High Contrast Beamformer Using Minimum Variance and Plane Wave Nonlinear Compounding with Low Complexity'. Sensors. 2021; 21 (2): 394. Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute. View
Wang, Yinmeng; Qi, Yanxing; Wang, Yuanyuan; 'A Low-complexity Minimum-variance Beamformer Based on Orthogonal Decomposition of the Compounded Subspace'. Ultrasonic Imaging. 2021; 43 (1): 18-Mar. SAGE Publications Sage CA: Los Angeles, CA. View
Chen, Yinran; Liu, Jing; Luo, Jianwen; Luo, Xiongbiao; 'A Data-Driven Approach for High Frame Rate Synthetic Transmit Aperture Ultrasound Imaging'. International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention. 2021; 412-420. Springer. View
Kim, Myeong-Gee; Oh, SeokHwan; Kim, Youngmin; Kwon, Hyuksool; Bae, Hyeon-Min; 'Learning-Based Attenuation Quantification in Abdominal Ultrasound'. International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention. 2021; 14-23. Springer. View
Xie, Hui-Wen; Guo, Hao; Zhou, Guang-Quan; Nguyen, Nghia Q; Prager, Richard W; 'Improved ultrasound image quality with pixel-based beamforming using a Wiener-filter and a SNR-dependent coherence factor'. Ultrasonics. 2021; 106594. Elsevier. View
Starkhammar, Josefin; Reinhold, Isabella; Erlöv, Tobias; Sandsten, Maria; 'Scaled reassigned spectrograms applied to linear transducer signals'. JASA Express Letters. 2021; 1 (5): ASA. View
Qi, Yanxing; Wang, Yinmeng; Wang, Yuanyuan; 'United Wiener postfilter for plane wave compounding ultrasound imaging'. Ultrasonics. 2021; 113: 106373. Elsevier. View
Vayyeti, Anudeep; Thittai, Arun K; 'Optimally-weighted non-linear beamformer for conventional focused beam ultrasound imaging systems'. Scientific Reports. 2021; 11 (1): 14-Jan. Nature Publishing Group. View

Summary: Measurements of lateral resolution, axial resolution, contrast ratio and contrast-to-noise ratio were performed on the 40GSE to comparte the performance of a novel beamforming method, filtered delay optimally-weighted multiply and sum (F-DowMAS), against more convenient techiques such as delay and sum.
Sadeghi, Ali; Apostolakis, Iason; Meral, Can; Vignon, Francois; Shin, Jun Seob; Robert, Jean-Luc; 'Improving Contrast of Fundamental Ultrasound Imaging Using a Deep Neural Network'. 2021 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS). 2021; 3-Jan. IEEE. View
Hewener, Holger; Tretbar, Steffen; 'Ultrafast adaptive coherence beamforming using a fast and simple quad phase estimator'. 2021 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS). 2021; 4-Jan. IEEE. View
Vayyeti, Anudeep; Thittai, Arun K; 'A Novel Spatio-Temporal DMAS (ST-DMAS) Beamforming for Sparse Synthetic Aperture Ultrasound Imaging: Initial Results'. 2021 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS). 2021; 3-Jan. IEEE. View
Lee, Hyoung-Ki; Greenleaf, James F; Urban, Matthew W; 'A new plane wave compounding scheme using phase compensation for motion detection'. IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control. 2021; 69 (2): 702-710. IEEE. View
Afrakhteh, Sajjad; Behnam, Hamid; 'Low-complexity adaptive minimum variance ultrasound beam-former based on diagonalization'. Biomedical Signal Processing and Control. 2020; 62: 102110. Elsevier. View
Afrakhteh, Sajjad; Behnam, Hamid; 'A fast and high frame rate adaptive beamforming using DCT‐based RF‐line recovery in line‐by‐line ultrasound imaging'. International Journal of Imaging Systems and Technology. 2020; 30 (4): 1080-1094. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Hoboken, USA. View
Mclaughlin, Glen W; Gee, Albert; 'Attenuation estimation using ultrasound'. 2020; US Patent App. 16/242,287. View
Geng, Chuan; Xie, Qiang; Chen, Long; Li, Alex; Qin, Binjie; 'Study and analysis of a remote robot-assisted ultrasound imaging system'. 2020 IEEE 4th Information Technology, Networking, Electronic and Automation Control Conference (ITNEC). 2020; 1: 389-393. IEEE. View
Marzougui, Houssem; 'Efficient sensor array subsampling for plane-wave ultrasound imaging'. 2020; University of Victoria. View
Parker, Kevin J; Baek, Jihye; 'Fine-tuning the H-scan for discriminating changes in tissue scatterers'. Biomedical Physics & Engineering Express. 2020; 6 (4): 45012. IOP Publishing. View
Wang, Yaning; Kempski, Kelley; Kang, Jin U; Bell, Muyinatu A Lediju; 'A Conditional Adversarial Network for Single Plane Wave Beamforming'. 2020 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS). 2020; 44200. IEEE. View
Long, Zaiyang; Zhou, Wei; Tradup, Donald J; Stekel, Scott F; Callstrom, Matthew R; Hangiandreou, Nicholas J; 'Systematic optimization of ultrasound grayscale imaging presets and its application in abdominal scanning'. Journal of applied clinical medical physics. 2020; 21 (10): 192-199. View
Κουνάβης, Παναγιώτης; 'Quality control in ultrasonography systems'. University of Patras. 2020; View
Li, Chunqi; Clegg, Harry R; Carpenter, Thomas M; Nie, Luzhen; Freear, Steven; Cowell, David MJ; McLaughlan, James R; 'Apodizing delay and auto-correlation reconstruction algorithm for high-frame-rate ultrasound imaging'. 2020 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS). 2020; 4-Jan. IEEE. View
Rizzo G, Capponi A, Pietrolucci ME, Arduini D. Role of Sonographic Automatic Volume Calculation in Measuring Fetal Cardiac Ventricular Volumes Using 4-Dimensional Sonography: Comparison With Virtual Organ Computer-Aided Analysis. J Ultrasound Med. 2010; 29(2):261-270. View
Kim C, Yoon C, Park JH, et al. Evaluation of Ultrasound Synthetic Aperture Imaging using Bi-directional Pixel-based Focusing: Preliminary phantom and in vivo Breast study. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2013.
Casper A, Liu D, Ballard J, Ebbini E. Real-time Implementation of a Dual-Mode Ultrasound Array System: In Vivo Results. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2013. 
Romero-Laorden D, Martínez-Graullera O, Ibañez A, Ullate LG. Beamforming method based on phase dispersion Fourier analysis for SAFT images. IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng. 2012;42:012009-. View
Martín-Arguedas C, Martínez-Graullera O, Romero-Laorden D, Gómez-Ullate L. Method and architecture to accelerate multi-element synthetic aperture imaging. Digital Signal Processing. 2013;23(4):1288-1295. View
Ook Yoon, Chong, Changhan Yoon, Yangmo Yoo, Tai-Kyong Song, and Jin Ho Chang."Real-time sound speed correction using golden section search to enhance ultrasound imaging quality ", Proc. SPIE 8675, Medical Imaging 2013: Ultrasonic Imaging, Tomography, and Therapy, 86751L (March 29, 2013).  View
Romero-Laorden, D., J. Villazón-Terrazas, O. Martínez-Graullera, and A. Ibáñez. "Chapter 9." Strategies for Hardware Reduction on the Design of Portable Ultrasound Imaging Systems. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 June 2013.
Saarakkala, S., Waris, P., Waris, V., Tarkiainen, I., Karvanen, E., Aarnio, J., & Koski, J. M. (May 01, 2012). Diagnostic performance of knee ultrasonography for detecting degenerative changes of articular cartilage. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, 20, 5, 376-381.  View
Wang, Z., Li, S., Jiang, X., Liu, R., & Geng, X. (2014). Design and phantom testing of a bi-frequency co-linear array. 2014 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium. 
Kiss, G., Iversen, D., Standal, O., Rau, J., Torp, H., Lovstakken, L., & Masoy, S. (2014). A visualization tool for improved assessment and follow-up with ultrasound. 2014 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium. 
Song P, Urban MW, Manduca A, Greenleaf JF, Chen S. Coded excitation plane wave imaging for shear wave motion detection. IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control. 2015;62(7):1356-72. 
Scorza, Andrea, Giulia Lupi, Salvatore Andrea Sciuto, Fabiano Bini, and Franco Marinozzi. "A Novel Approach to a Phantom Based Method for Maximum Depth of Penetration Measurement in Diagnostic Ultrasound: A Preliminary Study." 2015 IEEE International Symposium on Medical Measurements and Applications (MeMeA) Proceedings(2015): n. pag. Web. 
Amaro, J.; Yiu, B.Y.S.; Falcao, G.; Gomes, M.A.C.; Yu, A.C.H., "Software-based high-level synthesis design of FPGA beamformers for synthetic aperture imaging," in Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on , vol.62, no.5, pp.862-870, May 2015.
Ramalli A, Guidi F, Boni E, Tortoli P. A real-time chirp-coded imaging system with tissue attenuation compensation. Ultrasonics. 2015;60:65-75.  View
Souza, R. M., A. V. Alvarenga, D. S. Braz, L. I. Petrella, and R. P. Costa-Felix. "Uncertainty Evaluation of Dead Zone of Diagnostic Ultrasound Equipment." IOP Science. IOP Publishing, 02 Aug. 2016. Web.  View
Tahvildari AM, Pan L, Kong CS, Desser T. Sonographic-Pathologic Correlation for Punctate Echogenic Reflectors in Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma: What Are They?. J Ultrasound Med. 2016;35(8):1645-52.
Andersen, M., C. Moore, K. Arges, et al. "High-Frame-Rate Deformation Imaging in Two Dimensions Using Continuous Speckle-Feature Tracking." Elsevier, 29 Aug. 2016. Web.  View
Ma, C., Z. Long, D. Lanners, et al. "Protocol for Testing Suitability of Compact US Imaging Systems for Use inside MRI Suites, and Application to One Commercial US System." IOP Publishing, 2016. Web. View
Hasegawa, H. "Improvement of Penetration of Modified Amplitude and Phase Estimation Beamformer." Journal of Medical Ultrasonics, 2016. Web. View
Aliabadi, S., Y. Wang, J. Yu, et al. "Eigenspace-based Beamformer Using Oblique Signal Subspace Projection for Ultrasound Plane-wave Imaging." BioMedical Engineering OnLine, 2016. Web.  View
Van Neer, PLMJ, HJ Vos, and AFW Volker. "Stolt Migration Based Iterative Trace Reconstruction." IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS), 2016. Web.  View
Savoia, A. S., G. Caliano, G. Matrone, et al. "Nonlinear Ultrasound Imaging Experiments Using a CMUT Probe." IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS), 2016. Web.  View
Ramalli, A., A. Dallai, E. Boni, et al. "Multi Transmit Beams for Fast Cardiac Imaging towards Clinical Routine." IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS), 2016. Web. View
Hyder, S., S. Harput, Z. Alomari, et al. "Improved Shear Wave-front Reconstruction Method by Aligning Imaging Beam Angles with Shear-wave Polarization: Applied for Shear Compounding Application." University of Leeds, 2016. Web. View
Guo, W., Y. Wang, and J. Yu. "Ultrasound Harmonic Enhanced Imaging Based on the Eigen Decomposition." American Scientific Publishers, 2016. Web. View
Aliabadi, S., Y. Wang, and J. Yu. "Adaptive Scaled Wiener Postfilter Beamformer for Ultrasound Imaging." IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS), 2016. Web. 
Rodriguez-Molares, Alfonso, Hans Torp, Boris Lippe, and Lasse Løvstakken. "Sequential CPWC: From Ultrafast to Ultralight." Medical Imaging 2017: Ultrasonic Imaging and Tomography, 2017. Web.  View
Gong, P., P. Song, and S. Chen. "Ultrafast Synthetic Transmit Aperture Imaging (USTA) Using Hadamard-encoded Virtual Sources with Overlapping Sub-Apertures." IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging, 2017. Web. View
Qinghua Huang; Yanping Huang; Wei Hu; Xuelong Li, "Bezier Interpolation for 3-D Freehand Ultrasound," in Human-Machine Systems, IEEE Transactions on , vol.45, no.3, pp.385-392, June 2015.  View
Long, Zaiyang, et al. “Clinical Acceptance Testing and Scanner Comparison of Ultrasound Shear Wave Elastography.” Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics, vol. 19, no. 3, 2018, pp. 336–342., doi:10.1002/acm2.12310.  View
Geng, Chuan, et al. “Study and Analysis of a Remote Robot-Assisted Ultrasound Imaging System.” 2020. 
Ossenkoppele, Boudewine W; Luijten, Ben; Bera, Deep; de Jong, Nico; JG, Ruud; 'High resolution fast 3D imaging with deep learning based adaptive beamforming'. and Signal Processing in the Benelux, May 20-21, TU Eindhoven. 142. View

Summary: The Model 40GSE was used to test a new minimum variance beamformer, in which deep learning techniques were used to enhance the processing speed of the technique so that it can be used in real-time 3D cardiac imaging with a TEE probe.