Triple Modality 3D Abdominal Phantom

Model 057A

The CIRS Triple Modality 3D Abdominal Phantom is constructed of a self-healing formulation of Zerdine ®1 that allows multiple biopsy insertions with minimal needle tracking, and is ideal for demonstrating image-guided navigation technologies.

Abdominal imaging is useful for diagnosing disease and monitoring treatments. Our Model 057A is representative of a small adult abdomen and can be imaged under CT, MR and ultrasound. This feature makes the phantom a useful tool for applications such as image fusion studies; imaging protocol developments; scan technique training; and system testing, validation and demonstration.

The Model 057A simulates the abdomen from approximately the thorax vertebrae (T9/T10) to the lumbar vertebrae (L2/L3) using simplified anthropomorphic geometry. The materials provide contrast between the structures under CT, MR and ultrasound. The solid polymer background gel will not leak when punctured.*

Internal structures include the liver, the portal vein, two partial kidneys, a partial lung, the abdominal aorta, the vena cava, a simulated spine and six ribs. The liver has six lesions and the kidneys each have one lesion. A muscle layer and outside fat layer surround these structures and plastic end caps make the phantom durable enough for extended scanning. Blood vessels have CT contrast added to provide enhanced auto registration in image fusion applications

The Phantom includes a foam lined hard carry case. To accommodate image fusion techniques, the phantom can be purchased as a kit to include a serial-number specific CT DICOM Data set for reference. CIRS can also offer value-added options and services such as phantom specific CMM, attachment of customer specific registration devices and inclusion of special point markers

  • Demonstrate CT, ultrasound and MRI scan techniques
  • Assess image-fusion algorithms
  • Test new equipment
  • Optimize imaging protocols
  • Improve performance of freehand abdominal biopsies

(1)US Patent #5196343

NOTE: Some permanent tracking may be evident if debris and air bubbles are entrained in the gel during the biopsy procedure. To extend the lifetime of the phantom, the use of higher gauge needles that have been wetted and de-aired prior to insertion is recommended.

Data Sheet

Triple Modality 3D Abdominal Phantom: Data Sheet

Wang, Kuan-Ju; Chen, Chieh-Hsiao; Lo, Chun-Yi; Lin, Hung-Hsin; Jason Chen, Jia-Jin; 'Ultrasound Calibration for Dual-Armed Surgical Navigation System'. Journal of Healthcare Engineering. 2022; 2022: Hindawi. View
Li, Ruotong; Tong, Yuqi; Yang, Tianpei; Guo, Jianxi; Si, Weixin; Zhang, Yanfang; Klein, Reinhard; Heng, Pheng-Ann; 'Towards quantitative and intuitive percutaneous tumor puncture via augmented virtual reality'. Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics. 2021; 90: 101905. Pergamon. View

Summary: "This paper presents a novel quantitative and intuitive surgical navigation modality for percutaneous respiratory tumor puncture via augmented virtual reality, which is to achieve the augmented visualization of the pre-operative virtual planning information precisely being overlaid on intra-operative surgical scenario . . . The validation of our system is performed on static abdominal phantom."
Xiaofeng Lin, Shoujun Zhou, Tiexiang Wen, Shenghao Jiang, Cheng Wang, Jingtao Chen 'A novel multi-DoF surgical robotic system for brachytherapy on liver tumor: Design and control'. International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery. 2021; 16 (6): 1003-1014. Springer International Publishing. View

Summary: 3D image segmentation algorithms, based on a Hidden Markov Model, were evaluated with the help of the 57A Triple Modality Abdominal Phantom.
Cao, Weijie; Xu, Yiting; Shen, Yun; Wang, Yufei; Ma, Xiaojing; Bao, Yuqian; 'Serum Fibroblast Growth Factor 23 Level and Liver Fat Content in MAFLD: A Community-Based Cohort'. Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy. 2021; 14: 4135. Dove Press. View

Summary: A 3D abdominal organ-mimicking phantom (Model 057; Computerized Imaging Reference Systems, Norfolk, VA) was used for standardization of ultrasonic imaging parameters used to diagnose fatty liver disease. These parameters were based on the hepatic to renal echo intensity level and the degree of signal attenuation between these two sites.
Yuan, Jing; Xue, Cindy; Lo, Gladys; Wong, Oi Lei; Zhou, Yihang; Yu, Siu Ki; Cheung, Kin Yin; 'Quantitative assessment of acquisition imaging parameters on MRI radiomics features: a prospective anthropomorphic phantom study using a 3D-T2W-TSE sequence for MR-guided-radiotherapy'. Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery. 2021; View

Summary: The 57A was used to assess how changing imaging parameters affect the variablility and uncertainity in MRI radiomics maps used of tissue structures for MR-guided radiation therapy.
Xue, Cindy; Zhou, Yihang; Lo, Gladys Goh; Wong, Oi Lei; Yu, Siu Ki; Cheung, Kin Yin; Yuan, Jing; 'Reliability of radiomics features due to image reconstruction using a standardized T2‐weighted pulse sequence for MR‐guided radiotherapy: An anthropomorphic phantom study'. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. 2021; Wiley Online Library. View
Kostrzewa, Michael; Rothfuss, Andreas; Pätz, Torben; Kühne, Markus; Schoenberg, Stefan O; Diehl, Steffen J; Stallkamp, Jan; Rathmann, Nils; 'Robotic Assistance System for Cone-Beam Computed Tomography-Guided Percutaneous Needle Placement'. CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology. 2021; 7-Jan. Springer. View
Lin, Xiaofeng; Zhou, Shoujun; Wen, Tiexiang; Jiang, Shenghao; Wang, Cheng; Chen, Jingtao; 'A novel multi-DoF surgical robotic system for brachytherapy on liver tumor: Design and control'. Int J Comput Assist Radiol Surg. 2021; View
Stillström, David; Eigl, Benjamin; Freedman, Jacob; 'Stereotactic navigation versus ultrasound guidance in placing IRE applicators in a liver phantom'. Scientific Reports. 2021; 11 (1): 6-Jan. Nature Publishing Group. View

Summary: The 057A was used to compare the accuracy of stereotactic CT-guided navigation to ultrasound-guided navigation when placing RF electrodes in the liver during ablation therapy. While stereotactic CT was found to place needles with greater precision, while the ultrasound guidance was more time efficient.
Al-Zu’bi, Shadi; Hawashin, Bilal; Mughaid, Ala; Baker, Thar; 'Efficient 3D medical image segmentation algorithm over a secured multimedia network'. Multimedia Tools and Applications. 2021; 80 (11): 16887-16905. Springer US. View
Xue, Cindy; Zhou, Yihang; Lo, Gladys Goh; Wong, Oi Lei; Yu, Siu Ki; Cheung, Kin Yin; Yuan, Jing; 'Reliability of radiomics features due to image reconstruction using a standardized T2‐weighted pulse sequence for MR‐guided radiotherapy: An anthropomorphic phantom study'. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. 2021; 85 (6): 3434-3446. View
Vayyeti, Anudeep; Thittai, Arun K; 'Euclidian-Weighted Non-Linear Beamformer for Conventional Focused Beam Ultrasound Imaging Systems'. 2021 43rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBC). 2021; 3684-3687. IEEE. View
Sarah K.Patch, Chinh Nguyen, Diego Dominguez-Ramirez, Rudi Labarbe, Guillaume Janssens, Diego Cammarano, Jake Lister, Christopher Finch, Jamil Lambert, Jeevan Pandey, Christopher Bennett, Elizabeth Porteous, Cezarina Chirvase, Marie Cohilis, Kevin Souris, Shigeto Ono, Ted Lynch 'Thermoacoustic range verification during pencil beam delivery of a clinical plan to an abdominal imaging phantom'. Radiotherapy and Oncology. 2021; 159: 224-230. Elsevier. View
Al-Zu'bi, Shadi; 'Secure 3D medical Imaging'. arXiv preprint arXiv:2010.03367. 2020; View
Jian, Chaohui; Xu, Yiting; Ma, Xiaojing; Shen, Yun; Wang, Yufei; Bao, Yuqian; 'Neck circumference is an effective supplement for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease screening in a community-based population'. 2020 International Multi-Conference on Industrial Engineering and Modern Technologies (FarEastCon). 2020; View
Twilt, JJ; 'Optimization of real-time imaging sequences for MR-guided percutaneous needle interventions with implementation of MR-simulations'. 2020; University of Twente. View
AlZu’bi, Shadi; Shehab, Mohammed; Al-Ayyoub, Mahmoud; Jararweh, Yaser; Gupta, Brij; 'Parallel implementation for 3d medical volume fuzzy segmentation'. Pattern Recognition Letters. 2020; 130: 312-318. Elsevier. View
AlZu'bi, Shadi; AlQatawneh, Sokyna; ElBes, Mohammad; Alsmirat, Mohammad; 'Transferable HMM probability matrices in multi‐orientation geometric medical volumes segmentation'. Concurrency and Computation: Practice and Experience. 2020; 32 (21): e5214. Wiley Online Library. View
Thomsen, Felix SL; Delrieux, Claudio A; Pisula, Juan I; García, José M Fuertes; Lucena, Manuel; de Luis García, Rodrigo; Borggrefe, Jan; 'Noise reduction using novel loss functions to compute tissue mineral density and trabecular bone volume fraction on low resolution QCT'. Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics. 2020; 86: 101816. Pergamon. View
Xia, Mingfeng; Sun, Xiaoyang; Zheng, Lili; Bi, Yufang; Li, Qiang; Sun, Lirong; Di, Fusheng; Li, Hong; Zhu, Dalong; Gao, Yanyan; 'Regional difference in the susceptibility of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in China'. BMJ Open Diabetes Research and Care. 2020; 8 (1): e001311. BMJ Specialist Journals. View
Konovalov, ME; Klimov, DD; Tohtamir, DP; Poduraev, YV; 'Approach to the Development of an Abdominal Phantom with the Function of Respiratory Motion for Robotic Surgery'. 2020 International Multi-Conference on Industrial Engineering and Modern Technologies (FarEastCon). 2020; IEEE. View
Long, Zaiyang; Zhou, Wei; Tradup, Donald J; Stekel, Scott F; Callstrom, Matthew R; Hangiandreou, Nicholas J; 'Systematic optimization of ultrasound grayscale imaging presets and its application in abdominal scanning'. Journal of applied clinical medical physics. 2020; 21 (10): 192-199. View
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